đ‘–đ‘±đ‘đ‘Ÿđ‘Ż 𐑑𐑧𐑕𐑑

𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č FAQ

𐑀𐑭𐑕𐑑 𐑳𐑐𐑛𐑱𐑑𐑩𐑛: 2021-02-28

1. đ‘Žđ‘đ‘Œđ‘đ‘ż

1.1 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑩𐑟 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č?

𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑩𐑟 𐑱 𐑯𐑿 𐑚𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯-đ‘€đ‘§đ‘đ‘©đ‘€ đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Żđ‘§đ‘‘ 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 𐑓 𐑞 𐑛𐑊𐑕𐑑𐑟𐑊𐑚𐑿𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑝 đ‘žđ‘šđ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘źđ‘Œđ‘Š 𐑓đ‘Čđ‘€đ‘Ÿ, 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑖𐑩𐑀 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘•đ‘Šđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑓 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑱 𐑀đ‘Č𐑑𐑹𐑱𐑑 𐑣đ‘Čđ‘đ‘Œđ‘‘đ‘§đ‘’đ‘•đ‘‘ 𐑓đ‘č𐑄𐑚𐑑 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑓𐑩𐑕𐑊𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑱𐑑𐑕 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒𐑊𐑙 𐑚𐑩𐑑𐑱𐑰𐑯 𐑓đ‘Čđ‘€đ‘Ÿ. 𐑿 𐑄𐑱 𐑔𐑩𐑙𐑒 𐑝 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑹𐑟 "𐑞 𐑱𐑧𐑚, 𐑕𐑑𐑼𐑩𐑐𐑑 𐑼đ‘Č𐑑 𐑚𐑹𐑒 𐑑 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑧𐑕𐑩𐑯𐑕" đ‘č 𐑹𐑟 "đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ, 𐑕𐑔𐑐𐑑 𐑳𐑐 𐑯 𐑄đ‘Șđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘Żđ‘Č𐑟𐑛 𐑡𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑱 𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑩𐑀", 𐑛𐑩𐑐𐑧𐑯𐑛𐑩𐑙 𐑩𐑐đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑘đ‘č đ‘đ‘Œđ‘•đ‘đ‘§đ‘’đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘ (𐑞 đ‘€đ‘šđ‘‘đ‘Œ 𐑝𐑿 𐑩𐑟 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑚𐑩𐑚𐑀𐑊 𐑄đ‘č đ‘šđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘Œđ‘©đ‘‘). 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑄𐑱 𐑚𐑰 𐑝 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑟𐑩𐑕𐑑 𐑑 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑣𐑔 𐑾:

𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑩𐑟 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑛𐑩𐑛 𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑩𐑀, 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑯𐑧𐑕𐑩𐑕𐑧𐑟𐑊𐑀𐑊 𐑹𐑟 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑹𐑟 𐑐đ‘Ș𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀. 𐑩𐑯𐑕𐑑𐑧𐑛, 𐑞 𐑛𐑩𐑟đ‘Č𐑯 𐑕𐑑𐑼đ‘Č𐑝𐑟 𐑑 𐑄𐑚𐑒𐑕𐑊𐑄đ‘Č𐑟 𐑩𐑑𐑕 "đ‘đ‘Źđ‘Œ 𐑑 𐑹𐑱𐑑 𐑟𐑱𐑖𐑊𐑎", 𐑱đ‘Č𐑀 𐑒𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑙 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑹𐑱𐑑 𐑱𐑩𐑞𐑩𐑯 𐑩𐑒𐑕𐑧𐑐𐑑𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑀𐑊𐑄𐑊𐑑𐑕. 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑩𐑟 𐑷𐑀𐑕𐑎 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑛𐑩𐑛 𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 đ‘đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘đ‘©đ‘•đ‘Š 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑖𐑩𐑕, 𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑛𐑊𐑓𐑊𐑒𐑩𐑀𐑑 𐑑 𐑩𐑒𐑕𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑛 𐑩𐑯 𐑞 đ‘“đ‘żđ‘—đ‘Œ (𐑕𐑮 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑩𐑑 𐑹𐑊𐑀 *𐑕𐑑𐑱* 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑯 đ‘đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘đ‘©đ‘•đ‘Š 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑖𐑩𐑕), 𐑯 𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑐𐑚𐑑𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑱 "𐑛𐑔 𐑩𐑑 𐑘đ‘č𐑕𐑧𐑀𐑓" 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑐𐑿𐑑𐑊𐑙 𐑰𐑔đ‘Ș𐑕. 𐑓 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑀𐑭𐑕𐑑 đ‘źđ‘°đ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Ż, 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑩𐑟 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑯𐑊𐑒𐑀𐑊 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 đ‘“đ‘©đ‘„đ‘Šđ‘€đ‘œ 𐑯 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘©đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘: 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑱 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 𐑩𐑯 𐑞 𐑑𐑟𐑩𐑛𐑊𐑖𐑩𐑯𐑩𐑀 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑-đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œ 𐑼𐑩𐑒𐑱𐑧𐑕𐑑-𐑼𐑩𐑕𐑐đ‘Ș𐑯𐑕 𐑐𐑚𐑟𐑩𐑛đ‘Č𐑄, 𐑯 𐑩𐑟 𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑑 đ‘Ș𐑯 đ‘„đ‘©đ‘—đ‘«đ‘Œ, đ‘•đ‘‘đ‘šđ‘Żđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘›đ‘Č𐑟𐑛 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑯đ‘Ș𐑀𐑩𐑥𐑊 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 URIs, 𐑄đ‘Č𐑄 đ‘„đ‘°đ‘›đ‘Ÿ 𐑑đ‘Č𐑐𐑕, 𐑯 TLS.

1.2 𐑣𐑬 𐑎𐑀𐑛 𐑩𐑟 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č?

𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑕𐑑𐑞𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑩𐑯 𐑥𐑔𐑯 2019. 𐑱đ‘Č𐑀 𐑞 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 𐑊𐑑𐑕𐑧𐑀𐑓 𐑩𐑟 𐑀𐑞𐑥𐑀𐑊 𐑓đ‘Č𐑯𐑩𐑀đ‘Č𐑟𐑛, 𐑞 đ‘©đ‘đ‘±đ‘€đ‘©đ‘šđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑕đ‘Ș𐑓𐑑𐑱đ‘ș, 𐑼𐑩𐑟đ‘čđ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑯 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑿𐑯𐑊𐑑𐑊 𐑾 𐑕𐑑𐑊𐑀 𐑩𐑯 𐑱 đ‘źđ‘§đ‘€đ‘©đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘đ‘€đ‘Š 𐑻𐑀𐑊 (𐑞𐑮 𐑔𐑼đ‘Č𐑝𐑩𐑙!) 𐑕𐑑𐑱𐑑 𐑝 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘đ‘§đ‘€đ‘©đ‘đ‘„đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘.

1.3 𐑣𐑔 𐑩𐑟 𐑩𐑯 𐑗𐑾𐑡 𐑝 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č?

𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 đ‘Œđ‘Šđ‘Ąđ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘©đ‘€đ‘Š 𐑕𐑑𐑞𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑚đ‘Č Solderpunk <solderpunk _𐑹𐑑_ posteo _𐑛đ‘Ș𐑑_ 𐑯𐑧𐑑>, 𐑣𐑔 đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘„đ‘±đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑞 "đ‘šđ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘§đ‘đ‘©đ‘€đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘‘đ‘±đ‘‘đ‘Œ" 𐑝 𐑞 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑. đ‘Łđ‘Źđ‘§đ‘đ‘Œ, 𐑞 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 𐑣𐑹𐑟 𐑚𐑰𐑯 𐑛𐑩𐑟đ‘Č𐑯𐑛 𐑩𐑯 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘€đ‘šđ‘šđ‘Œđ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑱 𐑀𐑔𐑕 𐑯 𐑩𐑯𐑓đ‘č𐑄𐑩𐑀 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑿𐑯𐑊𐑑𐑊 𐑝 𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑊 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑟𐑩𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑐𐑾𐑑𐑩𐑟 𐑝đ‘Č𐑩 emails, 𐑐𐑮𐑕𐑑𐑕 𐑩𐑯 Gopher's "phlogosphere" 𐑯 𐑑𐑔𐑑𐑕 𐑩𐑯 𐑞 Fediverse. 𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑊 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑣𐑹𐑝 𐑖𐑱𐑐𐑑 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘œđ‘Żđ‘Šđ‘“đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑐𐑾𐑑𐑕 𐑝 𐑞 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀, 𐑕𐑮 𐑛𐑩𐑕𐑐đ‘Č𐑑 𐑣𐑹𐑝𐑩𐑙 𐑱 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘™đ‘œđ‘©đ‘€ đ‘€đ‘°đ‘›đ‘Œ, 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑖𐑫𐑛 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑔𐑷𐑑 𐑝 𐑹𐑟 𐑞 𐑹𐑻𐑒 𐑝 𐑱 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘™đ‘œđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑐𐑻𐑕𐑩𐑯.

𐑩𐑯 đ‘“đ‘§đ‘šđ‘źđ‘”đ‘Œđ‘Š 2021, 𐑀đ‘Ș𐑙 𐑑đ‘Č𐑄 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘’đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘šđ‘˜đ‘©đ‘‘đ‘Œ 𐑖𐑷𐑯 Conner 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 đ‘œđ‘źđ‘­đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘©đ‘› 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑛𐑊𐑕𐑊𐑠𐑩𐑯 𐑄𐑱𐑒𐑊𐑙 𐑷𐑔đ‘Ș𐑼𐑩𐑑𐑩 𐑑 𐑣𐑧𐑀𐑐 𐑓đ‘Č𐑯𐑩𐑀đ‘Č𐑟 𐑞 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑕𐑊𐑓𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯 đ‘›đ‘˜đ‘«đ‘Œđ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑱 𐑑đ‘Č𐑄 𐑱𐑧𐑯 Solderpunk 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑳𐑯𐑱𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑑 𐑛𐑧𐑛𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑑 𐑞 đ‘Żđ‘§đ‘•đ‘©đ‘•đ‘Œđ‘Š 𐑑đ‘Č𐑄 𐑯 đ‘§đ‘Żđ‘Œđ‘Ąđ‘Š 𐑑 𐑞 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑.

1.4 𐑣𐑬 𐑀𐑞𐑥 𐑩𐑟 "Geminispace"?

𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑛𐑊𐑓𐑊𐑒𐑩𐑀𐑑 𐑑 𐑯𐑮 đ‘Šđ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘šđ‘’đ‘‘đ‘€đ‘Š. 𐑒𐑬𐑯𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑿𐑯𐑰𐑒 hostnames 𐑝 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑩𐑟 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒𐑀𐑊 𐑑 đ‘Šđ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘šđ‘Ąđ‘Œđ‘±đ‘‘ 𐑞 𐑕đ‘Č𐑟 𐑝 𐑞 𐑕𐑐𐑱𐑕, 𐑕𐑩𐑯𐑕 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑄𐑳𐑀𐑑𐑊-đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œ 𐑕đ‘Č𐑑𐑕 𐑜𐑩𐑝 𐑰𐑗 đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œ 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑮𐑯 subdomain. đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑞 đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑣𐑹𐑯𐑛, 𐑒𐑬𐑯𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑿𐑯𐑰𐑒 IP đ‘©đ‘›đ‘źđ‘§đ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑩𐑟 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒𐑀𐑊 𐑑 đ‘łđ‘Żđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘§đ‘•đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘„đ‘±đ‘‘ 𐑞 𐑕đ‘Č𐑟, 𐑹𐑟 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Źđ‘Ÿ 𐑄𐑳𐑀𐑑𐑊𐑐𐑩𐑀 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘“đ‘Œđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ đ‘›đ‘Žđ‘„đ‘±đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑑 𐑚𐑰 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘› 𐑓𐑼đ‘Ș𐑄 𐑞 𐑕𐑱𐑄 IP. 𐑹𐑑 𐑧𐑯𐑩 𐑟𐑱𐑑, 𐑹𐑟 𐑝 𐑻𐑀𐑊 2021 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑹𐑻 𐑩𐑚𐑏𐑑 200,000 𐑯𐑮𐑯 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č URLs, 𐑕𐑐𐑼𐑧𐑛 𐑩𐑒𐑟đ‘Ș𐑕 𐑩𐑚𐑏𐑑 750 "đ‘’đ‘šđ‘đ‘•đ‘żđ‘€đ‘Ÿ" (𐑞 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č community's 𐑑𐑻𐑄 𐑓 "𐑕đ‘Č𐑑𐑕"), 500 đ‘›đ‘Žđ‘„đ‘±đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑯 600 IP đ‘©đ‘›đ‘źđ‘§đ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ. 𐑞 𐑕𐑐𐑱𐑕 𐑩𐑟 𐑜𐑼𐑮𐑩𐑙 𐑟𐑚𐑐𐑊𐑛𐑀𐑊, 𐑞𐑮. 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑓đ‘Č𐑯𐑛 𐑞 𐑀𐑱𐑑𐑩𐑕𐑑 𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑑𐑊𐑕𐑑𐑊𐑒𐑕 𐑹𐑟 𐑞 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒 𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑎.

Geminispace statistics provided by Stéphane Bortzmeyer's "Lupa" crawler

1.5 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑕𐑑𐑱𐑥 𐑝 𐑩𐑑𐑕 lifecycle 𐑩𐑟 𐑞 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑 𐑩𐑯?

𐑞 𐑒𐑳𐑟𐑩𐑯𐑑 (𐑩𐑯𐑓đ‘č𐑄𐑩𐑀) 𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑕𐑊𐑓𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑝 𐑞 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 𐑩𐑟 𐑀𐑞𐑥𐑀𐑊 đ‘“đ‘źđ‘Žđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Ż, modulo 𐑕𐑄𐑷𐑀 đ‘—đ‘±đ‘Żđ‘Ąđ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑑 đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘„đ‘”đ‘ đ‘šđ‘„đ‘šđ‘Šđ‘œđ‘żđ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Š 𐑯 𐑩𐑛𐑟𐑧𐑕 𐑧𐑡 đ‘’đ‘±đ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ. đ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ąđ‘§đ‘•đ‘—đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑓 𐑯𐑿 đ‘“đ‘°đ‘—đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑹𐑊𐑀 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑚𐑰 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘•đ‘Šđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘›, 𐑹𐑟 𐑞 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 𐑩𐑟 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘•đ‘Šđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘› đ‘“đ‘°đ‘—đ‘Œ 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑰𐑑. 𐑜𐑮𐑩𐑙 𐑓đ‘čđ‘ąđ‘Œđ‘›, 𐑞 𐑄𐑱𐑯 𐑓𐑎𐑒𐑩𐑕 𐑝 𐑞 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑 𐑯𐑬 𐑩𐑟 đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑜𐑼𐑮𐑩𐑙 𐑞 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑿𐑯𐑊𐑑𐑊 đ‘Œđ‘Źđ‘Żđ‘› 𐑞 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀, 𐑹𐑟 𐑹𐑧𐑀 𐑹𐑟 𐑹𐑻𐑒𐑊𐑙 đ‘Ș𐑯 đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑞 𐑩𐑜𐑟𐑩𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑕𐑊𐑓𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑔 𐑱 𐑄đ‘č 𐑐𐑼𐑩𐑕đ‘Č𐑕 𐑯 𐑓đ‘č𐑄𐑩𐑀 đ‘đ‘»đ‘ đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑄đ‘Č𐑑 𐑚𐑰 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘•đ‘Šđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘› 𐑓 𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑄𐑊𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑑 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Żđ‘§đ‘‘ đ‘•đ‘‘đ‘šđ‘Żđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘›đ‘Ÿ 𐑚đ‘Ș𐑛𐑩𐑟 𐑕𐑳𐑗 𐑹𐑟 IETF 𐑯 IANA.

1.6 𐑛𐑔 𐑿 đ‘źđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘Š 𐑔𐑩𐑙𐑒 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑟𐑊𐑐𐑀𐑱𐑕 𐑞 𐑱𐑧𐑚?

𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑓 𐑱 𐑄đ‘Č𐑯𐑿𐑑! 𐑯đ‘č 𐑛𐑮𐑟 𐑧𐑯𐑩𐑚đ‘Ș𐑛𐑩 𐑩𐑯𐑝đ‘Șđ‘€đ‘đ‘› 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑 𐑑 𐑛𐑊𐑕𐑑𐑟𐑶 Gopherspace. 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑩𐑟 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑛𐑩𐑛 𐑑 𐑟𐑊𐑐𐑀𐑱𐑕 đ‘Čđ‘žđ‘Œ đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ đ‘č 𐑞 𐑱𐑧𐑚, 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑑 𐑕𐑰𐑮-𐑩𐑜𐑟𐑩𐑕𐑑 𐑐𐑰𐑕𐑓𐑩𐑀𐑊 𐑩𐑀đ‘Ș𐑙𐑕đ‘Č𐑛 𐑞𐑧𐑄 𐑹𐑟 𐑱𐑳𐑯 𐑄đ‘č đ‘Ș𐑐𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑓𐑟𐑰𐑀𐑊 đ‘—đ‘”đ‘Ÿ 𐑑 𐑿𐑟 𐑩𐑓 𐑩𐑑 𐑕𐑔𐑑𐑕 𐑞𐑧𐑄. 𐑩𐑯 𐑞 𐑕𐑱𐑄 𐑹𐑱 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑒𐑳𐑟𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑀𐑊 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘ 𐑞 𐑕𐑱𐑄 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑝đ‘Č𐑩 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑯 𐑞 𐑱𐑧𐑚, 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑹𐑊𐑀 𐑚𐑰 𐑱𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑑 "bihost" đ‘č "trihost" 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 đ‘Ș𐑯 đ‘ąđ‘Šđ‘—đ‘§đ‘đ‘Œ 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑄𐑚𐑊𐑯𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑝 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Șđ‘€đ‘Ÿ 𐑞𐑱 𐑔𐑩𐑙𐑒 đ‘Șđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑞 𐑚𐑧𐑕𐑑 𐑄𐑚𐑗 𐑑 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑯𐑊𐑒𐑩𐑀, 𐑓𐑊𐑀𐑩𐑕đ‘Ș𐑓𐑊𐑒𐑩𐑀 𐑯 𐑰𐑕𐑔𐑧𐑑𐑩𐑒 𐑼𐑩𐑒𐑱đ‘Čđ‘Œđ‘„đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘• 𐑯 𐑞𐑮𐑟 𐑝 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑛𐑩𐑛 đ‘·đ‘›đ‘Ÿđ‘Żđ‘•.

1.7 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑑𐑕 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑞 𐑯𐑱𐑄?

𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑱 đ‘źđ‘§đ‘“đ‘Œđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘• 𐑑 𐑞 𐑐𐑼𐑰-𐑖𐑳𐑑𐑩𐑀 đ‘œđ‘© 𐑝 𐑿𐑧𐑕 𐑄𐑚𐑯𐑛 spaceflight, 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑕𐑊𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑝 𐑔𐑼𐑰 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑𐑕. 𐑞 𐑓𐑻𐑕𐑑 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑 đ‘„đ‘»đ‘’đ‘˜đ‘Œđ‘Š, 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑱 𐑓đ‘ș𐑀𐑊 minimalist "𐑐𐑟𐑔𐑓 𐑝 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑕𐑧𐑐𐑑" 𐑯 𐑐𐑾𐑑 𐑝 𐑞 𐑟𐑱𐑕 𐑑 𐑐𐑳𐑑 𐑱 𐑣𐑿𐑄𐑩𐑯 𐑩𐑯 𐑕𐑐𐑱𐑕 𐑕𐑔𐑯𐑩𐑕𐑑 (𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑞 đ‘•đ‘Žđ‘đ‘Ÿđ‘‘ đ‘żđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘Ż 𐑱𐑳𐑯 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑞đ‘ș Vostok 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑). đ‘„đ‘»đ‘’đ‘˜đ‘Œđ‘Š 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑱 𐑱𐑳𐑯-𐑄𐑚𐑯 𐑒𐑚𐑐𐑕𐑿𐑀 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑯𐑮 𐑩𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑊 𐑑 𐑩𐑥𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑑 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑮𐑯 đ‘č𐑚𐑩𐑑 đ‘­đ‘“đ‘‘đ‘Œ 𐑀𐑷𐑯𐑗 𐑯 𐑎𐑯𐑀𐑊 𐑱𐑳𐑯 đ‘„đ‘»đ‘’đ‘˜đ‘Œđ‘Š 𐑓𐑀đ‘Č𐑑 𐑀𐑭𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑀đ‘Șđ‘™đ‘œđ‘Œ 𐑞𐑹𐑯 𐑱 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘™đ‘œđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑛𐑱. 𐑞 𐑀𐑭𐑕𐑑 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑 Apollo, 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑀𐑞𐑥, 𐑣𐑧𐑝𐑩, 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑯 𐑩𐑒𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑯𐑕𐑩𐑝 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑒𐑫𐑛, 𐑝 𐑒đ‘č𐑕, 𐑓𐑀đ‘Č 𐑔𐑼𐑰 𐑄𐑧𐑯 𐑑 𐑞 𐑄𐑔𐑯 𐑯 𐑚𐑹𐑒.

𐑀𐑧𐑕 𐑹𐑧𐑀 𐑯𐑮𐑯 𐑑 𐑞 𐑄đ‘Șđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘Ż 𐑐𐑳𐑚𐑀𐑊𐑒, 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑞 "𐑄𐑊𐑛𐑩𐑀 𐑗đ‘Č𐑀𐑛": 𐑱 𐑑𐑔 𐑐𐑻𐑕𐑩𐑯 𐑒𐑚𐑐𐑕𐑿𐑀 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑒𐑫𐑛 𐑼đ‘Șđ‘Żđ‘›đ‘±đ‘đ‘”đ‘Ÿ 𐑯 𐑛đ‘Ș𐑒 𐑱𐑩𐑞 đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑒𐑼𐑭𐑓𐑑 𐑩𐑯 đ‘č𐑚𐑩𐑑, 𐑒𐑫𐑛 𐑚𐑰 depressurised 𐑯 repressurised 𐑩𐑯 đ‘č𐑚𐑩𐑑 𐑑 𐑓𐑩𐑕𐑊𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑱𐑑 spacewalks, 𐑯 đ‘Łđ‘”đ‘Ÿ 𐑀đ‘Șđ‘™đ‘œđ‘©đ‘•đ‘‘ 𐑓𐑀đ‘Č𐑑 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑷𐑀𐑄𐑎𐑕𐑑 𐑑𐑔 𐑱𐑰𐑒𐑕 - 𐑀đ‘Șđ‘™đ‘œđ‘Œ 𐑞𐑹𐑯 𐑧𐑯𐑩 Apollo 𐑄𐑊𐑖𐑩𐑯! 𐑩𐑯 đ‘‘đ‘»đ‘„đ‘Ÿ 𐑝 𐑕đ‘Č𐑟, 𐑹𐑱𐑑 𐑯 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑕𐑑 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑄𐑳𐑗 đ‘’đ‘€đ‘Žđ‘•đ‘Œ 𐑑 đ‘„đ‘»đ‘’đ‘˜đ‘Œđ‘Š 𐑞𐑹𐑯 𐑑 Apollo, 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑩𐑯 đ‘‘đ‘»đ‘„đ‘Ÿ 𐑝 đ‘’đ‘±đ‘đ‘©đ‘šđ‘Šđ‘€đ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘Ÿ 𐑩𐑑 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑞 đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑹𐑱 đ‘Œđ‘Źđ‘Żđ‘› - 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑹𐑻 đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż đ‘đ‘€đ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿ (𐑱𐑩𐑗 đ‘Żđ‘§đ‘đ‘Œ eventuated) 𐑑 𐑛𐑔 circumlunar 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑓𐑀đ‘Č𐑑𐑕!

𐑣𐑎𐑐𐑓𐑩𐑀𐑊 𐑞 𐑩𐑯𐑚𐑀𐑩𐑥𐑊 𐑩𐑟 đ‘Șđ‘šđ‘đ‘Ÿđ‘•: đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑩𐑟 𐑩𐑒𐑊𐑯 𐑑 đ‘„đ‘»đ‘’đ‘˜đ‘Œđ‘Š, 𐑯 𐑞 𐑱𐑧𐑚 𐑩𐑟 𐑩𐑒𐑊𐑯 𐑑 Apollo. 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑣𐑮𐑐𐑕 𐑑 𐑕𐑩𐑑 𐑚𐑩𐑑𐑱𐑰𐑯 𐑞 𐑑𐑔, 𐑛𐑔𐑊𐑙 𐑄đ‘č 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑀𐑧𐑕.

𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘€đ‘Šđ‘šđ‘Œđ‘©đ‘‘đ‘€đ‘Š 𐑛𐑊𐑛𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑼𐑩𐑕𐑰𐑝 𐑱 𐑯𐑱𐑄 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑣𐑹𐑛 *𐑧𐑯𐑩𐑔𐑩𐑙* 𐑑 𐑛𐑔 𐑱𐑩𐑞 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ, đ‘č đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑟𐑎𐑛𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕, đ‘č đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ đ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Šđ‘„đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Ÿ. đ‘›đ‘˜đ‘«đ‘Œđ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑞 đ‘»đ‘€đ‘Ÿđ‘•đ‘‘ phlog-𐑚𐑱𐑕𐑑 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘•đ‘’đ‘łđ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑱𐑩𐑗 đ‘Šđ‘đ‘§đ‘Żđ‘—đ‘”đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Š đ‘œđ‘źđ‘” 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑔 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č, 𐑱 𐑀𐑚𐑒 𐑝 𐑒đ‘ș𐑓𐑩𐑀 𐑼đ‘Č𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑩𐑑 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑕𐑳𐑄𐑑đ‘Čđ‘„đ‘Ÿ đ‘łđ‘Żđ‘’đ‘€đ‘œ đ‘ąđ‘§đ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑹𐑻 𐑑𐑷𐑒𐑊𐑙 𐑩𐑚𐑏𐑑 𐑟𐑊𐑐𐑀𐑱𐑕𐑊𐑙 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑬𐑑𐑼đ‘Č𐑑, đ‘č 𐑹𐑛𐑩𐑙 𐑳𐑯𐑩𐑓𐑊𐑖𐑩𐑀, 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑐𐑚𐑑𐑩𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑊-𐑚𐑟𐑱𐑒𐑊𐑙 đ‘łđ‘đ‘œđ‘źđ‘±đ‘›đ‘Ÿ 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑔 𐑩𐑜𐑟𐑩𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑙 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕 𐑯 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ. 𐑱𐑧𐑯 đ‘Č𐑛𐑩𐑀 𐑛𐑊𐑕𐑒𐑳𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑑𐑻𐑯𐑛 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑔 𐑩𐑯 𐑚𐑒𐑗𐑔𐑩𐑀 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑, 𐑩𐑑 𐑕𐑰𐑄𐑛 𐑱đ‘Č𐑟 𐑑 𐑕𐑧𐑯𐑛 𐑱 đ‘’đ‘€đ‘œđ‘Œ 𐑄𐑧𐑕𐑊𐑥.

1.8 𐑱đ‘ș 𐑒𐑹𐑯 đ‘Č 𐑀𐑻𐑯 𐑄đ‘č?

𐑞 𐑩𐑓𐑊𐑖𐑩𐑀 𐑣𐑎𐑄 𐑝 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑩𐑟 𐑞 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č.circumlunar.𐑕𐑐𐑱𐑕 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œ. 𐑩𐑑 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Ÿ 𐑞 𐑀𐑱𐑑𐑩𐑕𐑑 đ‘đ‘»đ‘ đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑝 𐑞𐑩𐑕 FAQ 𐑛đ‘Șđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘„đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘, 𐑹𐑟 𐑹𐑧𐑀 𐑞 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑕𐑊𐑓𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯, 𐑟𐑧𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑛𐑩𐑛 𐑚𐑧𐑕𐑑 đ‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘’đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑯 đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑩𐑓𐑊𐑖𐑩𐑀 𐑛đ‘Șđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘„đ‘§đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑝đ‘Č𐑩 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č, đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑯 HTTPS, đ‘Ș𐑯 IPv4 𐑯 IPv6.

𐑩𐑓𐑊𐑖𐑩𐑀 𐑛𐑊𐑕𐑒𐑳𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑼𐑩𐑜𐑾𐑛𐑩𐑙 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘Łđ‘šđ‘đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑱 𐑄𐑱𐑀𐑊𐑙 𐑀𐑊𐑕𐑑:

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𐑧𐑯𐑩𐑚đ‘Ș𐑛𐑩 𐑣𐑔 𐑩𐑟 𐑼𐑳𐑯𐑩𐑙 𐑱 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œ đ‘č 𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑑𐑊𐑙 𐑱 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑 đ‘č đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œ 𐑕đ‘Ș𐑓𐑑𐑱đ‘ș 𐑩𐑟 𐑕𐑑𐑼đ‘Ș𐑙𐑀𐑊 𐑩𐑯𐑒𐑳𐑼𐑩𐑡𐑛 𐑑 𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑕𐑒𐑟đ‘Č𐑚 𐑑 𐑞 𐑀𐑊𐑕𐑑.

𐑒𐑚𐑠𐑔𐑩𐑀 𐑛𐑊𐑕𐑒𐑳𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑼𐑩𐑜𐑾𐑛𐑩𐑙 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑷𐑀𐑕𐑎 đ‘Łđ‘šđ‘đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑩𐑯 𐑞 #𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑗𐑚𐑯𐑩𐑀 đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑞 𐑑𐑊𐑀𐑛𐑩.𐑗𐑹𐑑 IRC đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œ:

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2. 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 𐑛𐑩𐑟đ‘Č𐑯

2.1 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑾 𐑞 𐑛𐑩𐑟đ‘Č𐑯 𐑒𐑼đ‘Čđ‘‘đ‘œđ‘Ÿ 𐑓 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č?

𐑞 𐑓đ‘Ș𐑀𐑎𐑊𐑙 𐑒𐑼đ‘Čđ‘‘đ‘œđ‘Ÿ 𐑹𐑻 𐑩𐑯𐑓đ‘č𐑄𐑩𐑀𐑊 𐑐𐑳𐑑 𐑩𐑯 𐑐𐑀𐑱𐑕 𐑹𐑑 𐑞 𐑚𐑩𐑜𐑩𐑯𐑩𐑙 𐑝 𐑞 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑. 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑛𐑊𐑚𐑱𐑑𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑣𐑬 𐑒𐑀𐑎𐑕𐑀𐑊 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑝 𐑞𐑰𐑟 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘€đ‘Ÿ 𐑣𐑹𐑝 𐑚𐑰𐑯 𐑄𐑧𐑑, 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑩𐑯 đ‘Ąđ‘§đ‘Żđ‘Œđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑩𐑟 𐑕𐑑𐑊𐑀 𐑒𐑱đ‘Č𐑑 đ‘’đ‘€đ‘Žđ‘Ÿ 𐑑 𐑞𐑩𐑕 đ‘‘đ‘žđ‘œđ‘©đ‘‘.

2.1.1 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑕𐑊𐑑𐑊

𐑩𐑯 đ‘đ‘Œđ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Œ, 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑕𐑑𐑼đ‘Č𐑝𐑟 𐑓 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑕𐑊𐑑𐑊 𐑝 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑑𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯. 𐑄đ‘Șđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘Ż 𐑱𐑧𐑚 browsers 𐑾 𐑕𐑮 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑞𐑱 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑎𐑯𐑀𐑊 𐑚𐑰 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘đ‘§đ‘€đ‘©đ‘đ‘‘ 𐑚đ‘Č 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 𐑀𐑞𐑥 𐑯 𐑩𐑒𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑯𐑕𐑩𐑝 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑𐑕. 𐑞𐑩𐑕 đ‘Żđ‘šđ‘—đ‘Œđ‘©đ‘€đ‘Š đ‘€đ‘°đ‘›đ‘Ÿ 𐑑 𐑱 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 𐑕𐑄𐑷𐑀 đ‘Żđ‘łđ‘„đ‘šđ‘Œ 𐑝 đ‘Żđ‘œ-𐑄𐑩𐑯đ‘Ș𐑐𐑩𐑀𐑊 browsers, 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑕𐑑đ‘Čđ‘“đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Ÿ đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘©đ‘đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑯 𐑛đ‘Čđ‘đ‘»đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Š 𐑯 đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Źđ‘Ÿ 𐑞 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘đ‘§đ‘€đ‘©đ‘đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑝 𐑞𐑰𐑟 browsers 𐑑 𐑛𐑊𐑒𐑑𐑱𐑑 𐑞 𐑛𐑊𐑟𐑧𐑒𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑩𐑯 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑞 𐑱𐑧𐑚 𐑩𐑝đ‘Șđ‘€đ‘đ‘Ÿ.

𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘±đ‘„đ‘Ÿ 𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑩𐑀, 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 *𐑑𐑔* 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑩𐑀. đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑩𐑟 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘„đ‘đ‘€đ‘Œ 𐑹𐑑 𐑱 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 đ‘€đ‘§đ‘đ‘©đ‘€, 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑹𐑟 𐑱 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑕𐑊𐑒𐑹𐑩𐑯𐑕 𐑞 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑩𐑟 𐑊𐑑𐑻𐑯𐑩𐑀𐑊 𐑳𐑯𐑕𐑻𐑑𐑩𐑯: 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑑 đ‘’đ‘šđ‘źđ‘©đ‘’đ‘‘đ‘Œ 𐑩𐑯𐑒𐑮𐑛𐑩𐑙 𐑩𐑟 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑 𐑩𐑯? 𐑩𐑟 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑 𐑞 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑛𐑩𐑛 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 đ‘č 𐑩𐑯 đ‘§đ‘źđ‘Œ 𐑄𐑧𐑕𐑊𐑥 𐑓𐑼đ‘Ș𐑄 𐑞 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œ? 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑒đ‘Č𐑯𐑛 𐑝 𐑓đ‘Č𐑀 𐑩𐑟 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑚đ‘Čđ‘Żđ‘Œđ‘Š 𐑛𐑱𐑑𐑩? 𐑚𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑝 𐑞𐑩𐑕, 𐑱 𐑼𐑮𐑚𐑳𐑕𐑑 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑩𐑟 𐑄𐑱𐑛 *𐑀𐑧𐑕* 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑚đ‘Č 𐑯𐑰𐑛𐑩𐑙 𐑑 𐑊𐑯𐑓𐑻 đ‘č 𐑜𐑧𐑕 𐑄𐑊𐑕𐑊𐑙 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘“đ‘Œđ‘„đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż.

𐑻𐑀𐑊 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑛𐑊𐑕𐑒𐑳𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑊𐑯𐑒𐑀𐑔𐑛𐑩𐑛 𐑔𐑼𐑰 đ‘’đ‘€đ‘œ đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘€đ‘Ÿ 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑼𐑩𐑜𐑾𐑛 𐑑 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑕𐑊𐑑𐑊:

𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑛𐑊𐑚𐑱𐑑𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑑 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑩𐑒𐑕𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑞𐑰𐑟 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘€đ‘Ÿ 𐑣𐑹𐑝 𐑚𐑰𐑯 𐑄𐑧𐑑. 𐑊𐑒𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑟𐑊𐑄𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕 𐑕𐑩𐑥𐑧𐑕𐑑 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑱 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 𐑚𐑱𐑕𐑊𐑒 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘šđ‘’đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘ 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑑𐑱𐑒𐑕 𐑄đ‘č 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 𐑱 𐑄𐑊𐑯𐑊𐑄𐑩𐑄 𐑝 100 𐑀đ‘Č𐑯𐑟 𐑝 𐑒𐑮𐑛, 𐑯 𐑱 đ‘’đ‘łđ‘„đ‘“đ‘Œđ‘‘đ‘©đ‘šđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑓𐑩𐑑 𐑯 𐑄đ‘Șđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘±đ‘‘ đ‘“đ‘°đ‘—đ‘Œ 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑰𐑑𐑯𐑩𐑕 𐑯𐑰𐑛 𐑄đ‘č 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 200 𐑀đ‘Č𐑯𐑟. 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑕𐑑𐑊𐑀 đ‘•đ‘°đ‘„đ‘Ÿ 𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑩𐑯 𐑞 ballpark 𐑝 𐑞𐑰𐑟 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘€đ‘Ÿ.

2.1.2 đ‘đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘đ‘©đ‘•đ‘Š

𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑩𐑟 𐑛𐑩𐑟đ‘Č𐑯𐑛 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑩𐑯 𐑩𐑒𐑿𐑑 𐑩𐑹đ‘ș𐑯𐑩𐑕 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑞 𐑄đ‘Șđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘Ż 𐑱𐑧𐑚 𐑩𐑟 𐑱 đ‘đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘đ‘©đ‘•đ‘Š đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘Ÿđ‘­đ‘•đ‘‘đ‘Œ, 𐑯 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑞 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Żđ‘§đ‘‘ 𐑩𐑟 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑱 𐑕𐑱𐑓 𐑐𐑀𐑱𐑕 𐑓 plaintext. 𐑔𐑩𐑙𐑟 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 browser fingerprinting 𐑯 Etag-𐑚𐑱𐑕𐑑 "supercookies" 𐑾 𐑩𐑯 𐑊𐑄𐑐đ‘č𐑑𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑒𐑷𐑖𐑩𐑯𐑟𐑊 𐑑𐑱𐑀: đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œ 𐑑𐑼𐑹𐑒𐑩𐑙 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑯 𐑹𐑊𐑀 𐑚𐑰 𐑕𐑯𐑳𐑒 𐑩𐑯 𐑝đ‘Č𐑩 𐑞 𐑚𐑹𐑒𐑛đ‘č 𐑿𐑟𐑩𐑙 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 đ‘“đ‘°đ‘—đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑹𐑻 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑛𐑩𐑟đ‘Č𐑯𐑛 𐑑 𐑓𐑩𐑕𐑊𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑱𐑑 𐑩𐑑. 𐑞𐑳𐑕, 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 𐑛𐑩𐑟đ‘Čđ‘Żđ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑄𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑎𐑯𐑀𐑊 đ‘©đ‘đ‘¶đ‘› 𐑛𐑩𐑟đ‘Č𐑯𐑩𐑙 𐑩𐑯 𐑑𐑼𐑹𐑒𐑩𐑙 đ‘“đ‘°đ‘—đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ (𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑩𐑟 𐑰𐑟𐑩), 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑷𐑀𐑕𐑎 𐑩𐑕𐑿𐑄 𐑹𐑒𐑑𐑩𐑝 𐑄𐑩𐑀𐑊𐑖𐑩𐑕 𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑯 đ‘©đ‘đ‘¶đ‘› 𐑛𐑩𐑟đ‘Č𐑯𐑩𐑙 𐑧𐑯𐑩𐑔𐑩𐑙 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑒𐑫𐑛 𐑚𐑰 đ‘•đ‘łđ‘šđ‘đ‘»đ‘‘đ‘©đ‘› 𐑑 đ‘đ‘źđ‘©đ‘đ‘Č𐑛 𐑩𐑓𐑧𐑒𐑑𐑩𐑝 𐑑𐑼𐑹𐑒𐑩𐑙. 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑕𐑻𐑯 𐑄𐑚𐑯𐑊𐑓𐑧𐑕𐑑𐑕 𐑹𐑟 𐑱 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘€đ‘Šđ‘šđ‘Œđ‘±đ‘‘ 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑯-extensibility 𐑩𐑯 𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑊 𐑐𐑾𐑑𐑕 𐑝 𐑞 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀.

2.1.3 đ‘Ąđ‘§đ‘Żđ‘Œđ‘šđ‘€đ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Š

𐑞 "𐑓𐑻𐑕𐑑 𐑒𐑀𐑭𐑕" 𐑚𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑝 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑩𐑟 𐑣𐑿𐑄𐑩𐑯 𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑕𐑳𐑄𐑐𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑝 𐑐𐑼𐑩𐑛đ‘Ș𐑄𐑊𐑯𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑀𐑊 𐑟𐑊𐑑𐑩𐑯 đ‘„đ‘©đ‘‘đ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘€ - 𐑑 𐑓𐑩𐑕𐑊𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑱𐑑 𐑕𐑳𐑄𐑔𐑊𐑙 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 gopherspace, đ‘č 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 "đ‘źđ‘°đ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘©đ‘šđ‘©đ‘€ webspace" (e.g. 𐑕𐑳𐑄𐑔𐑊𐑙 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑩𐑟 đ‘’đ‘łđ‘„đ‘“đ‘Œđ‘‘đ‘©đ‘šđ‘€đ‘Š đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘šđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑩𐑯 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒𐑕 đ‘č Dillo). 𐑚𐑳𐑑, 𐑡𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 HTTP 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑚𐑰, 𐑯 𐑩𐑟, 𐑿𐑟𐑛 𐑓 𐑄𐑳𐑗, 𐑄𐑳𐑗 𐑄đ‘č 𐑞𐑹𐑯 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Šđ‘™ HTML, 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑖𐑫𐑛 𐑚𐑰 𐑱𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑿𐑟𐑛 𐑓 𐑹𐑟 𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑊 đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ đ‘đ‘»đ‘đ‘©đ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑹𐑟 𐑐đ‘Ș𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑱𐑩𐑞𐑬𐑑 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑄𐑐𐑟𐑩𐑄đ‘Č𐑟𐑩𐑙 𐑞 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑕𐑊𐑑𐑊 𐑯 đ‘đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘đ‘©đ‘•đ‘Š 𐑒𐑼đ‘Čđ‘‘đ‘œđ‘Ÿ đ‘©đ‘šđ‘łđ‘. 𐑞𐑩𐑕 đ‘„đ‘°đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑑𐑱𐑒𐑊𐑙 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑔 𐑩𐑒𐑏𐑯𐑑 𐑐đ‘Ș𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀 đ‘šđ‘đ‘€đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑑 đ‘Œđ‘Źđ‘Żđ‘› 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑯-𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑 𐑓đ‘Čđ‘€đ‘Ÿ 𐑯 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑯-𐑣𐑿𐑄𐑩𐑯 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕.

2.2 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑖đ‘čđ‘‘đ‘’đ‘łđ‘„đ‘Šđ‘™đ‘Ÿ 𐑝 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑛𐑮𐑟 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘Žđ‘đ‘Œđ‘’đ‘łđ‘„?

𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Źđ‘Ÿ 𐑓:

𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑 𐑩𐑯 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑛đ‘Șđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘„đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘• 𐑩𐑟 𐑼𐑹𐑐𐑑 𐑚đ‘Č 𐑞 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑑 𐑓𐑩𐑑 𐑞 device's 𐑝𐑿𐑐đ‘č𐑑, đ‘źđ‘­đ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑞𐑹𐑯 𐑚𐑰𐑩𐑙 "𐑣𐑾𐑛 𐑼𐑹𐑐𐑑" 𐑹𐑑 ~80 đ‘’đ‘šđ‘źđ‘©đ‘’đ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑱𐑩𐑞 newline đ‘’đ‘šđ‘źđ‘©đ‘’đ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ. 𐑞𐑩𐑕 đ‘„đ‘°đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘•đ‘đ‘€đ‘±đ‘Ÿ 𐑰𐑒𐑹𐑩𐑀𐑊 𐑹𐑧𐑀 đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑓𐑮𐑯𐑟, 𐑑𐑚𐑚𐑀𐑩𐑑𐑕, laptops 𐑯 𐑛𐑧𐑕𐑒𐑑đ‘Ș𐑐𐑕.

𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑛𐑮𐑟 𐑩𐑹𐑱 𐑱𐑩𐑞 Gopher's 𐑕𐑑𐑼𐑩𐑒𐑑 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘źđ‘§đ‘’đ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Š / 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑 𐑛đ‘Č𐑒đ‘Ș𐑑𐑩𐑄𐑊 𐑯 𐑀𐑧𐑑𐑕 𐑿 𐑊𐑯𐑕𐑻𐑑 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒𐑕 𐑩𐑯 𐑐𐑼𐑮𐑟.

𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑄𐑚𐑯𐑛𐑱𐑑𐑕 𐑞 𐑿𐑟 𐑝 TLS 𐑊𐑯𐑒𐑟𐑊𐑐𐑖𐑩𐑯.

2.3 𐑩𐑟 Gopher's đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘źđ‘§đ‘’đ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Š / 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑 𐑛đ‘Č𐑒đ‘Ș𐑑𐑩𐑄𐑊 *đ‘źđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘Š* 𐑱 𐑖đ‘č𐑑𐑒𐑳𐑄𐑊𐑙?

𐑄đ‘Șđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘Ż 𐑿𐑕𐑩𐑡 𐑣𐑹𐑚𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑩𐑯 𐑞 phlogosphere 𐑹𐑫𐑛 𐑕𐑰𐑄 𐑑 𐑕𐑩𐑥𐑧𐑕𐑑 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑊 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑔𐑩𐑙𐑒 𐑩𐑑 𐑩𐑟. 𐑩𐑯 𐑩𐑯𐑒𐑼𐑰𐑕𐑩𐑙 đ‘Żđ‘łđ‘„đ‘šđ‘Œ 𐑝 đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑾 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑩𐑟 𐑷𐑀𐑄𐑎𐑕𐑑 𐑩𐑯𐑑đ‘Čđ‘Œđ‘€đ‘Š 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑 𐑹𐑟 đ‘Č𐑑𐑩𐑄 𐑑đ‘Č𐑐 1, 𐑕𐑮 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑞𐑱 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑊𐑯𐑕𐑻𐑑 𐑱 đ‘źđ‘§đ‘€đ‘©đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘đ‘€đ‘Š 𐑕𐑄𐑷𐑀 đ‘Żđ‘łđ‘„đ‘šđ‘Œ 𐑝 "𐑩𐑯 𐑀đ‘Č𐑯" 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒𐑕 𐑑 đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑, đ‘đ‘źđ‘©đ‘đ‘Č𐑛𐑩𐑙 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑕𐑧𐑄𐑚𐑀𐑩𐑯𐑕 𐑝 HTML's hyperlinking - 𐑱 𐑐𐑻𐑓𐑊𐑒𐑑𐑀𐑊 đ‘źđ‘°đ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘©đ‘šđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑯 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘©đ‘“đ‘§đ‘Żđ‘•đ‘Šđ‘ 𐑔𐑩𐑙 𐑑 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑 𐑑 𐑛𐑔. 𐑱𐑩𐑞𐑬𐑑 𐑑𐑱𐑒𐑊𐑙 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑩𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑗, 𐑞 𐑚𐑧𐑕𐑑 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 đ‘·đ‘”đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑛𐑔 𐑩𐑟 𐑑 𐑐𐑱𐑕𐑑 𐑱 𐑀𐑊𐑕𐑑 𐑝 URLs 𐑹𐑑 𐑞 𐑚đ‘Ș𐑑𐑩𐑄 𐑝 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑛đ‘Șđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘„đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘, 𐑓 𐑞đ‘ș đ‘źđ‘°đ‘›đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑑 𐑄𐑚𐑯𐑿𐑩𐑀𐑊 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑐𐑩 𐑯 𐑐𐑱𐑕𐑑 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑔 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑. 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑩𐑟 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 đ‘Šđ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘šđ‘’đ‘‘đ‘€đ‘Š 𐑱 đ‘đ‘€đ‘§đ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œ đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘•đ‘đ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘Żđ‘•. 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑓đ‘č𐑕𐑩𐑙 hyperlinks 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑔 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑹𐑱 đ‘Šđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑡𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑩𐑯 đ‘©đ‘šđ‘żđ‘Ÿ 𐑝 𐑞 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑚𐑯𐑑𐑊𐑒𐑕 𐑝 𐑞 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀, 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑷𐑀𐑕𐑎 𐑱 đ‘•đ‘Œđ‘đ‘źđ‘Čđ‘Ÿđ‘Šđ‘™đ‘€đ‘Š 𐑊𐑯𐑊𐑓𐑊𐑖𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑹𐑱 𐑑 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘ 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑, 𐑚𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑧𐑝𐑼𐑩 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘™đ‘œđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑀đ‘Č𐑯 𐑣𐑹𐑟 𐑑 𐑣𐑹𐑝 𐑩𐑯 đ‘Č𐑑𐑩𐑄 𐑑đ‘Č𐑐 𐑝 i 𐑯 𐑱 𐑓𐑮𐑯𐑩 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘€đ‘§đ‘’đ‘‘đ‘Œ, hostname 𐑯 𐑐đ‘č𐑑 đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘„đ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘©đ‘› 𐑩𐑀đ‘Ș𐑙 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑩𐑑 𐑑 𐑄𐑱𐑒 𐑱 đ‘đ‘šđ‘€đ‘Šđ‘› đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑿. 𐑧𐑯𐑩 𐑯 𐑷𐑀 đ‘’đ‘€đ‘±đ‘„đ‘Ÿ 𐑑 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑕𐑊𐑑𐑊 𐑯 𐑚𐑿𐑑𐑩 𐑱𐑩𐑗 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑄đ‘Č𐑑 𐑣𐑹𐑝 𐑾 𐑛𐑊𐑕𐑑𐑟𐑶𐑛 𐑚đ‘Č 𐑞𐑩𐑕. 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑑𐑱𐑒𐑕 𐑞 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑩𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑗 𐑝 𐑀𐑧𐑑𐑊𐑙 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑊𐑯𐑕𐑻𐑑 𐑹𐑟 𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑊 đ‘č 𐑹𐑟 𐑓𐑿 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒𐑕 𐑹𐑟 𐑞𐑱 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑔 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑, 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑊𐑒𐑕𐑑𐑟𐑰𐑄𐑀𐑊 𐑀𐑎 đ‘Žđ‘đ‘Œđ‘Łđ‘§đ‘›, 𐑚𐑳𐑑 đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘±đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑞 𐑱𐑳𐑯-𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒-𐑐𐑻-𐑀đ‘Č𐑯 𐑀𐑊𐑄𐑊𐑑𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑝 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑱𐑩𐑗 đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘Ÿđ‘łđ‘€đ‘‘đ‘• 𐑩𐑯 𐑒𐑀𐑰𐑯, 𐑀𐑊𐑕𐑑-𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 đ‘čđ‘œđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Čđ‘Ÿđ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑝 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑. 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑣𐑾𐑛 𐑑 𐑕𐑰 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑹𐑟 𐑧𐑯𐑩𐑔𐑩𐑙 đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑞𐑹𐑯 𐑩𐑯 đ‘Šđ‘„đ‘đ‘źđ‘”đ‘đ‘„đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘.

𐑝 𐑒đ‘č𐑕, 𐑩𐑓 𐑿 đ‘źđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘Š 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 𐑞 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑹𐑱, 𐑯𐑳𐑔𐑩𐑙 𐑩𐑯 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑕𐑑đ‘Ș𐑐𐑕 𐑿 𐑓𐑼đ‘Ș𐑄 𐑛𐑿𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑑𐑊𐑙 𐑩𐑑. 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘ đ‘Č𐑑𐑩𐑄 𐑑đ‘Č𐑐 0 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑱 𐑄đ‘Č𐑄 𐑑đ‘Č𐑐 𐑝 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑/𐑐𐑀𐑱𐑯, 𐑯 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑼đ‘Č𐑑 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑/𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑛đ‘Șđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘„đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘• 𐑱đ‘ș 𐑧𐑝𐑼𐑩 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘™đ‘œđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑀đ‘Č𐑯 𐑩𐑟 𐑱 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒 𐑀đ‘Č𐑯, 𐑟𐑧𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑑𐑊𐑙 𐑞 𐑀𐑫𐑒 𐑯 𐑓𐑰𐑀 𐑝 𐑱 RFC1436-đ‘“đ‘œđ‘Šđ‘™ đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑿 𐑱𐑩𐑞𐑬𐑑 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑐𐑧𐑕𐑒𐑩 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑯-đ‘•đ‘‘đ‘šđ‘Żđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘› i đ‘Č𐑑𐑩𐑄 𐑑đ‘Č𐑐.

2.4 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑖đ‘čđ‘‘đ‘’đ‘łđ‘„đ‘Šđ‘™đ‘Ÿ 𐑝 𐑞 𐑱𐑧𐑚 𐑛𐑮𐑟 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘Žđ‘đ‘Œđ‘’đ‘łđ‘„?

𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘’đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘±đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑯𐑮 đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘ąđ‘Šđ‘đ‘©đ‘€đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑝 đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œ-𐑱𐑥𐑩𐑯𐑑 đ‘č Referer đ‘Łđ‘§đ‘›đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ, 𐑯 𐑞 𐑼𐑩𐑒𐑱𐑧𐑕𐑑 𐑓đ‘č𐑄𐑚𐑑 𐑩𐑟 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑊𐑒𐑕𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑕𐑮 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑞𐑰𐑟 𐑒𐑹𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑚𐑰 shoehorned 𐑩𐑯 đ‘€đ‘±đ‘‘đ‘Œ. 𐑩𐑯 𐑓𐑹𐑒𐑑, 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑼𐑩𐑒𐑱𐑧𐑕𐑑𐑕 𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑱𐑯 𐑯𐑳𐑔𐑩𐑙 đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑞𐑹𐑯 𐑞 URL 𐑝 𐑞 𐑼𐑩𐑟đ‘č𐑕 𐑚𐑰𐑩𐑙 𐑟𐑊𐑒𐑹𐑧𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑛. 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑜𐑮𐑟 𐑱 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 𐑀đ‘Ș𐑙 𐑹𐑱 𐑑 𐑐𐑼𐑩𐑝𐑧𐑯𐑑𐑩𐑙 đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œ 𐑑𐑼𐑹𐑒𐑩𐑙.

𐑞 "đ‘Żđ‘±đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘ 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑑đ‘Č𐑐" 𐑝 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č (đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘šđ‘€đ‘©đ‘œđ‘©đ‘• 𐑑 HTML 𐑓 HTTP(S) đ‘č 𐑐𐑀𐑱𐑯 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑 𐑓 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ) đ‘Żđ‘§đ‘đ‘Œ 𐑼𐑩𐑒𐑱đ‘Čđ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑩𐑛𐑊𐑖𐑩𐑯𐑩𐑀 𐑯𐑧𐑑𐑹𐑻𐑒 đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘šđ‘’đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ (𐑞đ‘ș 𐑾 𐑯𐑮 𐑩𐑯-𐑀đ‘Č𐑯 đ‘Šđ‘„đ‘Šđ‘Ąđ‘©đ‘Ÿ, 𐑊𐑒𐑕𐑑𐑻𐑯𐑩𐑀 stylesheets, 𐑓đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑕 đ‘č 𐑕𐑒𐑼𐑩𐑐𐑑𐑕, 𐑯𐑮 iframes, 𐑯𐑯𐑯.). 𐑞𐑩𐑕 đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Źđ‘Ÿ 𐑓 𐑒𐑱𐑩𐑒 𐑚𐑼𐑬𐑟𐑩𐑙 đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑕𐑀𐑎 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘§đ‘’đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑯 𐑓 𐑓𐑫𐑀 𐑩𐑹đ‘ș𐑯𐑩𐑕 𐑝 𐑯 𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑟𐑎𐑀 đ‘Žđ‘đ‘Œ 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑣𐑮𐑕𐑑𐑕 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘§đ‘’đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑾 𐑄𐑱𐑛 𐑑.

𐑞 đ‘Żđ‘±đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘ 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑑đ‘Č𐑐 𐑝 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑩𐑟 𐑕𐑑𐑟𐑊𐑒𐑑𐑀𐑊 𐑱 𐑛đ‘Șđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘„đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘, 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑯𐑮 𐑓𐑩𐑕𐑊𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑊 𐑓 scripting, 𐑩𐑀𐑏𐑊𐑙 𐑓 𐑰𐑟𐑩 𐑚𐑼𐑬𐑟𐑩𐑙 đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑎𐑀𐑛 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘„đ‘đ‘żđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑀𐑊𐑄𐑊𐑑𐑩𐑛 đ‘đ‘źđ‘Žđ‘•đ‘§đ‘•đ‘Œ 𐑕𐑐𐑰𐑛 đ‘č đ‘„đ‘§đ‘„đ‘Œđ‘Š.

2.5 𐑱đ‘Č 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑡𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑿𐑟 𐑱 subset 𐑝 HTTP 𐑯 HTML?

𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑊 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑾 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘“đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘› 𐑹𐑟 𐑑 𐑱đ‘Č 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑹𐑻𐑔 𐑒𐑟𐑊𐑱𐑑𐑊𐑙 𐑱 𐑯𐑿 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 𐑑 𐑩𐑛𐑟𐑧𐑕 đ‘đ‘Œđ‘•đ‘°đ‘đ‘› 𐑐𐑼đ‘Șđ‘šđ‘€đ‘©đ‘„đ‘Ÿ 𐑱𐑩𐑞 đ‘Ș𐑐𐑖𐑩𐑯𐑩𐑀, 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑯-𐑊𐑕𐑧𐑯𐑖𐑩𐑀 đ‘“đ‘°đ‘—đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑝 𐑞 𐑱𐑧𐑚. 𐑡𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑚𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑟 websites *𐑒𐑹𐑯* 𐑑𐑼𐑹𐑒 đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑯 𐑼𐑳𐑯 CPU-𐑣đ‘Ș𐑜𐑩𐑙 Javsacript 𐑯 𐑐𐑫𐑀 𐑩𐑯 𐑿𐑕𐑀𐑩𐑕 𐑄𐑳𐑀𐑑𐑊-megabyte đ‘Łđ‘§đ‘›đ‘Œ đ‘Šđ‘„đ‘Šđ‘Ąđ‘©đ‘Ÿ đ‘č đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż đ‘€đ‘žđ‘Ąđ‘Œ autoplaying 𐑝𐑩𐑛𐑩𐑮𐑟, đ‘›đ‘łđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑄𐑰𐑯 𐑞𐑱 *𐑣𐑹𐑝* 𐑑. 𐑱đ‘Č 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑡𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑛 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑯-đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘€ websites 𐑿𐑟𐑩𐑙 𐑞 𐑩𐑜𐑟𐑩𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑯đ‘Ș𐑀𐑩𐑥𐑊?

𐑝 𐑒đ‘č𐑕, 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑩𐑟 𐑐đ‘Ș𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀. "𐑞 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘•đ‘đ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘Żđ‘•" 𐑩𐑟 𐑟𐑳𐑓𐑀𐑊 đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘ąđ‘Šđ‘đ‘©đ‘€đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑑 HTTP 𐑱đ‘ș 𐑞 𐑎𐑯𐑀𐑊 𐑼𐑩𐑒𐑱𐑧𐑕𐑑 đ‘Łđ‘§đ‘›đ‘Œ 𐑩𐑟 "𐑣𐑮𐑕𐑑" 𐑯 𐑞 𐑎𐑯𐑀𐑊 𐑼𐑩𐑕𐑐đ‘Ș𐑯𐑕 đ‘Łđ‘§đ‘›đ‘Œ 𐑩𐑟 "𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑-𐑑đ‘Č𐑐" 𐑯 HTML 𐑱đ‘ș 𐑞 𐑎𐑯𐑀𐑊 𐑑𐑹𐑜𐑟 𐑾 <p>, <𐑐𐑼𐑰>, <𐑱>, <h1> 𐑔𐑟𐑔 <h3>, <ul> 𐑯 <li> 𐑯 <blockquote> - 𐑯 𐑞 https://𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č.circumlunar.𐑕𐑐𐑱𐑕 website đ‘Șđ‘“đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑐𐑼𐑩𐑑𐑩 𐑄𐑳𐑗 𐑞𐑩𐑕 đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘•đ‘đ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘Żđ‘•. 𐑱𐑰 𐑯𐑮 𐑩𐑑 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑚𐑰 𐑛𐑳𐑯.

𐑞 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑚𐑀𐑩𐑄 𐑩𐑟 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑛𐑩𐑕đ‘Č𐑛𐑩𐑙 𐑩𐑐đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑱 𐑕𐑑𐑟𐑊𐑒𐑑𐑀𐑊 𐑀𐑊𐑄𐑊𐑑𐑩𐑛 subset 𐑝 HTTP 𐑯 HTML, 𐑕𐑀𐑚𐑐𐑊𐑙 𐑱 𐑀𐑱𐑚𐑩𐑀 đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑩𐑑 𐑯 𐑒𐑷𐑀𐑊𐑙 𐑩𐑑 𐑱 𐑛𐑱 𐑹𐑫𐑛 𐑛𐑔 𐑷𐑀𐑄𐑎𐑕𐑑 𐑯𐑳𐑔𐑩𐑙 𐑑 𐑒𐑟𐑊𐑱𐑑 𐑱 đ‘’đ‘€đ‘œđ‘€đ‘Š 𐑛𐑰𐑄𐑞𐑒𐑱𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑕𐑐𐑱𐑕 𐑱đ‘ș 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑜𐑮 𐑑 𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑕𐑿𐑄 *𐑎𐑯𐑀𐑊* 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑒đ‘Č𐑯𐑛 𐑝 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑩𐑯 *𐑎𐑯𐑀𐑊* 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑒đ‘Č𐑯𐑛 𐑝 𐑹𐑱. 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑊𐑄𐑐đ‘Ș𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑑 𐑯𐑮 𐑩𐑯 đ‘©đ‘›đ‘đ‘­đ‘Żđ‘• đ‘ąđ‘§đ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑑𐑕 đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑞 đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑕đ‘Č𐑛 𐑝 𐑱 https:// URL 𐑹𐑊𐑀 𐑚𐑰 𐑱𐑩𐑞𐑩𐑯 𐑞 subset đ‘č 𐑬𐑑𐑕đ‘Č𐑛 𐑩𐑑. 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 đ‘‘đ‘°đ‘›đ‘Ÿđ‘• 𐑑 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩𐑓đ‘Č 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑱 website 𐑒𐑀𐑱𐑄𐑊𐑙 𐑑 𐑿𐑟 𐑎𐑯𐑀𐑊 𐑞 subset 𐑚𐑒𐑗𐑔𐑩𐑀𐑊 𐑛𐑮𐑟, 𐑹𐑟 𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑊 𐑝 𐑞 đ‘“đ‘°đ‘—đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑱𐑰 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑 𐑑 đ‘©đ‘đ‘¶đ‘› 𐑾 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘đ‘Šđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘šđ‘©đ‘€ (𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑣𐑞𐑄𐑀𐑩𐑕!) 𐑑 𐑞 đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œ. 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑛𐑊𐑓𐑊𐑒𐑩𐑀𐑑 đ‘č đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑊𐑄𐑐đ‘Ș𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑑 deactivate 𐑕𐑩𐑐đ‘č𐑑 𐑓 𐑷𐑀 𐑞 𐑳𐑯𐑱đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑩𐑛 đ‘“đ‘°đ‘—đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑩𐑯 𐑄𐑱𐑯𐑕𐑑𐑟𐑰𐑄 browsers, 𐑕𐑮 𐑩𐑓 𐑕𐑳𐑄𐑚đ‘Ș𐑛𐑩 𐑚𐑟𐑱𐑒𐑕 𐑞 đ‘źđ‘”đ‘€đ‘Ÿ 𐑿𐑀 𐑐𐑱 𐑞 𐑒đ‘Șđ‘Żđ‘•đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘ąđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ. 𐑼đ‘Č𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑱 dumbed 𐑛𐑬𐑯 𐑱𐑧𐑚 browser 𐑱𐑩𐑗 đ‘œđ‘źđ‘±đ‘•đ‘“đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Š 𐑩𐑜𐑯đ‘č𐑟 𐑷𐑀 𐑞 𐑳𐑯𐑱đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑩𐑛 đ‘“đ‘°đ‘—đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑩𐑟 𐑄𐑳𐑗 đ‘Łđ‘žđ‘›đ‘Œ 𐑞𐑹𐑯 𐑼đ‘Č𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑱 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑓𐑼đ‘Ș𐑄 𐑕𐑒𐑼𐑹𐑗. đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑩𐑓 𐑿 𐑛𐑩𐑛 𐑩𐑑, 𐑿𐑛 𐑣𐑹𐑝 𐑱 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 𐑛𐑊𐑓𐑊𐑒𐑩𐑀𐑑 𐑑đ‘Č𐑄 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘•đ‘’đ‘łđ‘đ‘Œđ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑞 𐑄𐑊𐑯𐑩𐑕𐑒𐑿𐑀 𐑓𐑟𐑚𐑒𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑝 websites 𐑩𐑑 𐑒𐑫𐑛 đ‘źđ‘§đ‘Żđ‘›đ‘Œ.

đ‘·đ‘€đ‘‘đ‘»đ‘Żđ‘©đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘, 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑩𐑀-𐑚đ‘Č-𐑛𐑩𐑟đ‘Č𐑯 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Șđ‘€đ‘Ÿ 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑯 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑒𐑟𐑊𐑱𐑑 đ‘·đ‘€đ‘‘đ‘»đ‘Żđ‘©đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘, 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑩𐑀-𐑚đ‘Č-𐑛𐑩𐑟đ‘Č𐑯 đ‘•đ‘đ‘±đ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑱𐑩𐑞 đ‘Șđ‘šđ‘đ‘Ÿđ‘• 𐑚𐑬𐑯𐑛𐑼𐑩𐑟 𐑯 𐑣𐑾𐑛 đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘•đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘’đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ. 𐑿 𐑯𐑮 𐑓 đ‘–đ‘«đ‘Œ 𐑱𐑧𐑯 𐑿 đ‘§đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘Œ Geminispace, 𐑯 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑯𐑮 𐑓 đ‘–đ‘«đ‘Œ 𐑯 𐑩𐑯 đ‘©đ‘›đ‘đ‘­đ‘Żđ‘• 𐑱𐑧𐑯 𐑓đ‘Ș𐑀𐑎𐑊𐑙 𐑱 𐑕𐑻𐑑𐑩𐑯 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒 𐑹𐑊𐑀 đ‘’đ‘·đ‘Ÿ 𐑿 đ‘€đ‘°đ‘ 𐑩𐑑. 𐑱đ‘Č𐑀 đ‘˜đ‘«đ‘Œ 𐑞đ‘ș, 𐑿 𐑯𐑮 𐑓 đ‘–đ‘«đ‘Œ 𐑯 𐑩𐑯 đ‘©đ‘›đ‘đ‘­đ‘Żđ‘• 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑧𐑝𐑼𐑩𐑚đ‘Ș𐑛𐑩 𐑧𐑀𐑕 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑩𐑟 𐑐𐑀𐑱𐑊𐑙 𐑚đ‘Č 𐑞 𐑕𐑱𐑄 đ‘źđ‘”đ‘€đ‘Ÿ. 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑟𐑊𐑀𐑚𐑒𐑕 𐑯 𐑜𐑧𐑑 đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑘đ‘č 𐑚𐑼𐑬𐑟𐑩𐑙, 𐑯 𐑓đ‘Ș𐑀𐑎 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒𐑕 𐑑 𐑕đ‘Č𐑑𐑕 𐑿𐑝 đ‘Żđ‘§đ‘đ‘Œ 𐑣𐑻𐑛 𐑝 𐑚𐑩𐑓đ‘č, 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑡𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑐đ‘Ș𐑐𐑑 𐑳𐑐 đ‘˜đ‘§đ‘•đ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘›đ‘±, 𐑯 𐑚𐑰 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑓𐑊𐑛𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑞𐑱 𐑱𐑮𐑯𐑑 𐑑𐑼đ‘Č 𐑑 𐑑𐑼𐑹𐑒 𐑿 đ‘č đ‘•đ‘»đ‘ 𐑿 𐑜𐑾𐑚𐑩𐑡 𐑚𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑞𐑱 *𐑒𐑭𐑯𐑑*. 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑛𐑔 𐑷𐑀 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑱 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑿 𐑼𐑮𐑑 𐑘đ‘č𐑕𐑧𐑀𐑓, 𐑕𐑮 𐑿 *𐑯𐑮* 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑑𐑼𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑩𐑑. 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑱 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘“đ‘Œđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘, 𐑄𐑳𐑗 𐑄đ‘č đ‘€đ‘Šđ‘šđ‘Œđ‘±đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑯 𐑄𐑳𐑗 𐑄đ‘č đ‘Šđ‘„đ‘đ‘Źđ‘Œđ‘Šđ‘™ đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘•đ‘đ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘Żđ‘• 𐑞𐑹𐑯 𐑑𐑼đ‘Č𐑩𐑙 𐑑 𐑒𐑾𐑝 𐑬𐑑 𐑱 𐑑đ‘Č𐑯𐑩, đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘đ‘Šđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘šđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑕𐑳𐑚-𐑕𐑳𐑚-𐑕𐑳𐑚-𐑕𐑳𐑚-𐑕𐑐𐑱𐑕 𐑝 𐑞 𐑱𐑧𐑚.

2.6 𐑛𐑮𐑟 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑣𐑹𐑝 𐑧𐑯𐑩 𐑖đ‘čđ‘‘đ‘’đ‘łđ‘„đ‘Šđ‘™đ‘Ÿ 𐑝 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑮𐑯?

đ‘Żđ‘šđ‘—đ‘Œđ‘©đ‘€đ‘Š!

𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑣𐑹𐑟 𐑯𐑮 𐑕𐑩𐑐đ‘č𐑑 𐑓 𐑒𐑹𐑖𐑩𐑙, 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑐𐑟𐑧𐑖𐑩𐑯, đ‘č đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘Ÿđ‘łđ‘„đ‘đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑝 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘łđ‘đ‘‘đ‘©đ‘› đ‘›đ‘Źđ‘Żđ‘€đ‘Žđ‘›đ‘Ÿ. 𐑹𐑟 𐑕𐑳𐑗, 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 𐑹𐑧𐑀 𐑕𐑔𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑑 𐑛𐑩𐑕𐑑𐑼𐑩𐑚𐑿𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑀𐑞𐑥 𐑓đ‘Čđ‘€đ‘Ÿ, 𐑓 đ‘đ‘šđ‘€đ‘żđ‘Ÿ 𐑝 "𐑀𐑞𐑥" 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑛𐑩𐑐𐑧𐑯𐑛 𐑩𐑐đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑞 𐑕𐑐𐑰𐑛 𐑯 𐑟𐑊𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑊 𐑝 𐑘đ‘č 𐑯𐑧𐑑𐑹𐑻𐑒 𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑧𐑒𐑖𐑩𐑯.

2.7 𐑣𐑬 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑿 𐑕𐑱 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑩𐑟 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑩𐑓 𐑩𐑑 đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Ÿ TLS?

𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑾 𐑳𐑐𐑕𐑧𐑑 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑞 TLS 𐑼𐑩𐑒𐑱đ‘Čđ‘Œđ‘„đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ đ‘„đ‘°đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑞𐑱 𐑯𐑰𐑛 𐑑 𐑿𐑟 𐑱 TLS 𐑀đ‘Čđ‘šđ‘źđ‘Œđ‘Š 𐑑 𐑼đ‘Č𐑑 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑒𐑮𐑛, 𐑱đ‘ș𐑹𐑟 e.g. đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Źđ‘Ÿ 𐑞𐑧𐑄 𐑓𐑫𐑀 𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑟𐑎𐑀 𐑚đ‘Č 𐑼đ‘Č𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑧𐑝𐑼𐑩𐑔𐑩𐑙 𐑓𐑼đ‘Ș𐑄 𐑕𐑒𐑼𐑹𐑗 đ‘žđ‘©đ‘„đ‘•đ‘§đ‘€đ‘đ‘Ÿ.

𐑝 𐑒đ‘č𐑕, đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑱 "𐑓𐑼đ‘Ș𐑄 𐑕𐑒𐑼𐑹𐑗" đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑚𐑒𐑗𐑔𐑩𐑀𐑊 𐑛𐑩𐑐𐑧𐑯𐑛𐑟 𐑒𐑟𐑔𐑖𐑩𐑀𐑊 đ‘Ș𐑯 đ‘”đ‘Źđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘›đ‘Ÿ 𐑝 𐑀đ‘Č𐑯𐑟 𐑝 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑒𐑮𐑛 𐑟𐑊𐑑𐑩𐑯 𐑚đ‘Č đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑩𐑯 đ‘čđ‘›đ‘Œ 𐑑 đ‘đ‘źđ‘©đ‘đ‘Č𐑛 𐑱 𐑓𐑳𐑙𐑒𐑖𐑩𐑯𐑊𐑙 IP 𐑕𐑑𐑹𐑒, DNS resolver 𐑯 filesystem. 𐑿𐑟𐑩𐑙 𐑱 TLS 𐑀đ‘Čđ‘šđ‘źđ‘Œđ‘Š 𐑑 đ‘đ‘źđ‘©đ‘đ‘Č𐑛 𐑱 𐑑𐑟𐑳𐑕𐑑𐑹𐑻𐑞𐑊 𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑑𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑝 cryptography 𐑩𐑟 𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑩𐑀 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘“đ‘Œđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘.

𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑷𐑀𐑕𐑎 đ‘‘đ‘»đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ TLS 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑 đ‘•đ‘Œđ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘“đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘±đ‘‘đ‘• - 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 𐑼đ‘ș𐑀𐑊 𐑕𐑰𐑯 đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑞 𐑱𐑧𐑚 - 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑔 𐑱 𐑓𐑻𐑕𐑑-𐑒𐑀𐑭𐑕 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑩𐑯-𐑚𐑹𐑯𐑛 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘œđ‘Żđ‘©đ‘€đ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑝 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑼𐑩𐑒𐑱đ‘Čđ‘Œđ‘„đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘. 𐑞𐑩𐑕 đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Źđ‘Ÿ 𐑼𐑩𐑕𐑑𐑼𐑩𐑒𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑹𐑒𐑕𐑧𐑕 𐑑 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑼𐑩𐑟đ‘čđ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑑 𐑕𐑻𐑑𐑩𐑯 𐑐𐑾𐑑𐑩𐑟, đ‘č 𐑝đ‘Ș𐑀𐑩𐑯𐑑đ‘ș𐑊𐑀𐑊 𐑊𐑕𐑑𐑚𐑚𐑀𐑊𐑖𐑊𐑙 "đ‘•đ‘§đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ" 𐑱𐑩𐑞 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œ-𐑕đ‘Č𐑛 đ‘šđ‘đ‘€đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ, 𐑱𐑩𐑞𐑬𐑑 𐑣𐑹𐑝𐑩𐑙 𐑑 𐑐𐑭𐑕 đ‘Œđ‘Źđ‘Żđ‘› đ‘’đ‘«đ‘’đ‘Šđ‘Ÿ, đ‘đ‘­đ‘•đ‘ąđ‘»đ‘›đ‘Ÿ, 𐑷𐑔𐑧𐑯𐑑𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯 đ‘‘đ‘Žđ‘’đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ đ‘č 𐑧𐑯𐑩𐑔𐑩𐑙 𐑧𐑀𐑕 𐑿 𐑄𐑱 𐑚𐑰 𐑿𐑟𐑛 𐑑. 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑄𐑳𐑗 đ‘’đ‘€đ‘Žđ‘•đ‘Œ 𐑑 SSH's 𐑯𐑎𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑝 "đ‘·đ‘”đ‘Œđ‘Č𐑟𐑛 𐑒𐑰𐑟" 𐑯 𐑩𐑟, 𐑩𐑯 𐑓𐑹𐑒𐑑, 𐑱 𐑄𐑳𐑗 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘„đ‘đ‘€đ‘Œ 𐑩𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑗 𐑑 đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œ 𐑷𐑔𐑧𐑯𐑑𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯.

2.8 𐑱đ‘Č 𐑿𐑟 TLS 𐑓 crypto 𐑩𐑯𐑕𐑑𐑧𐑛 𐑝 𐑕𐑳𐑄𐑔𐑊𐑙 𐑄đ‘č 𐑄đ‘Șđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘Ż 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 𐑞 đ‘Żđ‘¶đ‘Ÿ 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀?

TLS 𐑩𐑟 𐑕𐑻𐑑𐑩𐑯𐑀𐑊 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑱𐑩𐑞𐑬𐑑 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑖đ‘čđ‘‘đ‘’đ‘łđ‘„đ‘Šđ‘™đ‘Ÿ, 𐑚𐑳𐑑:

2.9 𐑱đ‘Č 𐑛𐑊𐑛𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑿 𐑡𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑿𐑟 Markdown 𐑩𐑯𐑕𐑑𐑧𐑛 𐑝 𐑛𐑩𐑓đ‘Č𐑯𐑩𐑙 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑/𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č?

𐑞 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑/𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č markup 𐑚đ‘Ș𐑼𐑮𐑟 đ‘Łđ‘§đ‘đ‘Šđ‘€đ‘Š 𐑓𐑼đ‘Ș𐑄 Markdown, 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑄đ‘Č𐑑 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑄𐑐𐑑 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑑 đ‘ąđ‘łđ‘Żđ‘›đ‘Œ "𐑱đ‘Č 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑡𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑿𐑟 Markdown 𐑹𐑟 𐑞 𐑛𐑊𐑓𐑷𐑀𐑑 đ‘„đ‘°đ‘›đ‘Ÿ 𐑑đ‘Č𐑐 𐑓 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č? đ‘–đ‘«đ‘Œ, 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑑 𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑄𐑩𐑯𐑑, 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 TLS 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑾 𐑐𐑀𐑧𐑯𐑑𐑊 𐑝 𐑀đ‘Čđ‘šđ‘źđ‘Œđ‘Šđ‘Ÿ đ‘©đ‘đ‘±đ‘€đ‘©đ‘šđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑩𐑯 𐑷𐑀 𐑞 đ‘„đ‘±đ‘Ąđ‘Œ đ‘€đ‘šđ‘™đ‘œđ‘ąđ‘Šđ‘Ąđ‘©đ‘Ÿ". đ‘źđ‘°đ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑑 𐑜𐑮 𐑛𐑬𐑯 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑟𐑔𐑑 𐑊𐑯𐑒𐑀𐑔𐑛:

𐑝 𐑒đ‘č𐑕, 𐑩𐑑 𐑩𐑟 𐑐đ‘Ș𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑑 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘ Markdown đ‘Žđ‘đ‘Œ 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č. 𐑞 𐑊𐑯𐑒𐑀𐑔𐑠𐑩𐑯 𐑝 𐑱 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑/markdown đ‘„đ‘°đ‘›đ‘Ÿ 𐑑đ‘Č𐑐 𐑩𐑯 𐑞 𐑼𐑩𐑕𐑐đ‘Ș𐑯𐑕 đ‘Łđ‘§đ‘›đ‘Œ 𐑹𐑊𐑀 𐑩𐑀𐑏 𐑄đ‘č đ‘©đ‘›đ‘đ‘­đ‘Żđ‘•đ‘‘ 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕 𐑑 𐑕𐑩𐑐đ‘č𐑑 𐑩𐑑.

2.10 𐑱đ‘Č đ‘›đ‘łđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑/𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑣𐑹𐑝 𐑕𐑩𐑐đ‘č𐑑 𐑓 𐑩𐑯-𐑀đ‘Č𐑯 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒𐑕?

𐑚𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑/𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑩𐑟 𐑩𐑯 𐑩𐑯𐑑đ‘Čđ‘Œđ‘€đ‘Š 𐑯𐑿 𐑓đ‘č𐑄𐑚𐑑 𐑛𐑩𐑓đ‘Č𐑯𐑛 𐑓𐑼đ‘Ș𐑄 𐑕𐑒𐑼𐑹𐑗 𐑓 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č, 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑 đ‘·đ‘”đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑹𐑊𐑀 𐑑𐑊𐑐𐑊𐑒𐑀𐑊 𐑯𐑰𐑛 𐑑 𐑼đ‘Č𐑑 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑮𐑯 𐑒𐑮𐑛 𐑑 𐑐𐑾𐑟 𐑯 đ‘źđ‘§đ‘Żđ‘›đ‘Œ 𐑞 𐑓đ‘č𐑄𐑚𐑑 𐑓𐑼đ‘Ș𐑄 𐑕𐑒𐑼𐑹𐑗, 𐑱𐑩𐑞𐑬𐑑 𐑚𐑰𐑩𐑙 𐑱𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑑 𐑟𐑊𐑀đ‘Č đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑱 𐑐𐑼𐑰-𐑩𐑜𐑟𐑩𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑙, 𐑹𐑧𐑀-𐑑𐑧𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑀đ‘Čđ‘šđ‘źđ‘Œđ‘Š 𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑑𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯. 𐑞đ‘ș𐑓đ‘č, 𐑩𐑑 𐑩𐑟 𐑊𐑄𐑐đ‘č𐑑𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑞 𐑓đ‘č𐑄𐑚𐑑 𐑩𐑟 𐑊𐑒𐑕𐑑𐑟𐑰𐑄𐑀𐑊 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑑 𐑣𐑚𐑯𐑛𐑩𐑀 đ‘’đ‘Œđ‘§đ‘’đ‘‘đ‘€đ‘Š. 𐑞 𐑀đ‘Č𐑯-𐑚𐑱𐑕𐑑 𐑓đ‘č𐑄𐑚𐑑 𐑱đ‘ș 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑 𐑀đ‘Č𐑯𐑟 𐑯 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒 𐑀đ‘Č𐑯𐑟 𐑾 đ‘•đ‘§đ‘đ‘Œđ‘±đ‘‘ 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑕𐑧𐑐𐑑𐑕 đ‘©đ‘—đ‘°đ‘đ‘Ÿ 𐑞𐑩𐑕. 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑩𐑟 𐑯𐑮 𐑯𐑰𐑛 𐑓 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕 𐑑 𐑕𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑰𐑗 𐑀đ‘Č𐑯 đ‘’đ‘šđ‘źđ‘©đ‘’đ‘‘đ‘Œ-𐑚đ‘Č-đ‘’đ‘šđ‘źđ‘©đ‘’đ‘‘đ‘Œ, 𐑑𐑧𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑓 𐑞 đ‘đ‘źđ‘§đ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘• 𐑝 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑖𐑩𐑀 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒 𐑕𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑹𐑒𐑕. đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑞 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑩𐑕𐑑 𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑖𐑩𐑀 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒 𐑕𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑹𐑒𐑕 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘źđ‘©đ‘›đ‘żđ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑞 𐑐đ‘Ș𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑊 𐑝 𐑄𐑚𐑀𐑓đ‘č𐑄𐑛 𐑕𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑹𐑒𐑕 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕 𐑹𐑫𐑛 𐑯𐑰𐑛 𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑼𐑮𐑚𐑳𐑕𐑑 đ‘©đ‘œđ‘±đ‘Żđ‘•đ‘‘, 𐑯 𐑣𐑹𐑟 𐑧𐑡 đ‘’đ‘±đ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ đ‘Łđ‘”đ‘Ÿ 𐑣𐑚𐑯𐑛𐑀𐑊𐑙 𐑹𐑫𐑛 đ‘Čđ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑯𐑰𐑛 𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑊𐑒𐑕𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑕𐑊𐑑𐑀𐑊 𐑩𐑛𐑟𐑧𐑕𐑑 𐑩𐑯 𐑞 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑕𐑊𐑓𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯 (𐑀𐑰𐑛𐑊𐑙 𐑑 𐑱 𐑀đ‘Șđ‘™đ‘œđ‘Œ, 𐑄đ‘č đ‘‘đ‘°đ‘›đ‘Ÿđ‘• 𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑕𐑊𐑓𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑀𐑧𐑕 𐑓𐑳𐑯 𐑑 𐑼𐑰𐑛 𐑯 đ‘Łđ‘žđ‘›đ‘Œ 𐑑 𐑣𐑎𐑀𐑛 𐑩𐑯 𐑘đ‘č 𐑣𐑧𐑛), đ‘č 𐑀𐑧𐑓𐑑 𐑳𐑯𐑛𐑩𐑓đ‘Č𐑯𐑛 (𐑀𐑰𐑛𐑊𐑙 𐑑 𐑊𐑯𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑕𐑊𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑯𐑑 đ‘šđ‘Šđ‘Łđ‘±đ‘đ‘˜đ‘Œ 𐑩𐑒𐑟đ‘Ș𐑕 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘“đ‘Œđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕). đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑞𐑮 𐑩𐑯-𐑀đ‘Č𐑯 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒𐑕 𐑄𐑱 𐑚𐑰 𐑱 𐑄đ‘č đ‘Żđ‘šđ‘—đ‘Œđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑓𐑩𐑑 𐑓 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑒đ‘Č𐑯𐑛𐑟 𐑝 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑, đ‘žđ‘±đ‘Œ 𐑡𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑹𐑻𐑔 𐑞 𐑩𐑯𐑒𐑼𐑰𐑕𐑑 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑊𐑑𐑊 𐑯 𐑓𐑟𐑩𐑥𐑊𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑊 𐑞𐑱 𐑹𐑫𐑛 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘§đ‘đ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘©đ‘šđ‘€đ‘Š 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑟𐑩𐑛𐑿𐑕 𐑑 𐑞 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀.

𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑑𐑟𐑔 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑿 𐑯𐑰𐑛 𐑑 𐑖𐑩𐑓𐑑 𐑘đ‘č 𐑔𐑩𐑙𐑒𐑩𐑙 𐑱 𐑚𐑩𐑑 𐑑 𐑜𐑧𐑑 𐑿𐑟𐑛 𐑑 𐑞 𐑱𐑳𐑯 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒 𐑐𐑻 𐑀đ‘Č𐑯 𐑼đ‘Č𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑕𐑑đ‘Č𐑀, 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑩𐑑 𐑜𐑧𐑑𐑕 đ‘°đ‘Ÿđ‘œ đ‘Žđ‘đ‘Œ 𐑑đ‘Č𐑄. 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑾 𐑚𐑧𐑯𐑩𐑓𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑑 𐑞 𐑕𐑑đ‘Č𐑀 𐑹𐑟 𐑹𐑧𐑀. 𐑩𐑑 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘’đ‘łđ‘źđ‘Šđ‘Ąđ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑊𐑯𐑒𐑀𐑔𐑛𐑊𐑙 𐑎𐑯𐑀𐑊 𐑞 𐑄𐑎𐑕𐑑 𐑊𐑄𐑐đ‘č𐑑𐑩𐑯𐑑 đ‘č đ‘źđ‘§đ‘€đ‘©đ‘đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒𐑕, đ‘čđ‘œđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Č𐑟𐑩𐑙 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒𐑕 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑔 𐑟𐑊𐑀𐑱𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑀𐑊𐑕𐑑𐑕, 𐑯 𐑜𐑩𐑝𐑩𐑙 𐑰𐑗 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒 𐑱 𐑄𐑚𐑒𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑩𐑀𐑊 𐑛𐑩𐑕𐑒𐑼𐑩𐑐𐑑𐑩𐑝 𐑀𐑱𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑱𐑩𐑞𐑬𐑑 𐑣𐑹𐑝𐑩𐑙 𐑑 𐑱𐑳𐑼𐑩 𐑩𐑚𐑏𐑑 đ‘ąđ‘§đ‘žđ‘Œ đ‘č 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑀𐑱𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑓𐑩𐑑𐑕 đ‘Żđ‘šđ‘—đ‘Œđ‘©đ‘€đ‘Š 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑔 𐑞 𐑓𐑀𐑎 𐑝 𐑘đ‘č 𐑄𐑱𐑯 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑.

2.11 𐑱đ‘Č đ‘›đ‘łđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑/𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑣𐑹𐑝 𐑕𐑩𐑐đ‘č𐑑 𐑓 𐑕𐑑đ‘Č𐑀𐑊𐑙?

𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑣𐑹𐑝 𐑩𐑒𐑕𐑐𐑼𐑧𐑕𐑑 𐑱 𐑛𐑩𐑟đ‘Čđ‘Œ 𐑓 𐑕𐑳𐑄𐑔𐑊𐑙 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘„đ‘Šđ‘€đ‘Œ 𐑑 CSS 𐑩𐑯 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č. 𐑱đ‘Č𐑀 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑑𐑟𐑔 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑕𐑳𐑄𐑔𐑊𐑙 𐑄𐑳𐑗 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘„đ‘đ‘€đ‘Œ 𐑯 𐑀đ‘Čđ‘‘đ‘Œ 𐑞𐑹𐑯 CSS 𐑒𐑫𐑛 đ‘°đ‘Ÿđ‘Šđ‘€đ‘Š 𐑚𐑰 𐑛𐑩𐑟đ‘Č𐑯𐑛, 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑩𐑯𐑕𐑑𐑧𐑛 𐑑𐑱𐑒𐑕 𐑞 đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ÿđ‘Šđ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑞𐑹𐑑 đ‘đ‘Šđ‘ đ‘”đ‘©đ‘€ 𐑕𐑑đ‘Č𐑀𐑊𐑙 𐑝 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑖𐑫𐑛 𐑚𐑰 đ‘łđ‘Żđ‘›đ‘Œ 𐑞 𐑕𐑎𐑀 𐑯 𐑛𐑩𐑼𐑧𐑒𐑑 𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑟𐑎𐑀 𐑝 𐑞 đ‘źđ‘°đ‘›đ‘Œ, 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑞 𐑼đ‘Čđ‘‘đ‘Œ. 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑧𐑝𐑼𐑩𐑚đ‘Ș𐑛𐑩 𐑣𐑹𐑟 𐑞 𐑕𐑱𐑄 𐑑𐑱𐑕𐑑 𐑩𐑯 đ‘’đ‘łđ‘€đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑯 𐑓đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑕, 𐑯 𐑯𐑮 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘™đ‘œđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑹𐑱 𐑝 𐑕𐑑đ‘Č𐑀𐑊𐑙 𐑱 𐑐𐑱𐑥 𐑹𐑊𐑀 𐑚𐑰 đ‘Ș𐑐𐑑𐑊𐑄𐑩𐑀 𐑓 𐑷𐑀 đ‘źđ‘°đ‘›đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ, 𐑷𐑀 𐑛𐑩𐑝đ‘Čđ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑯 𐑷𐑀 𐑀đ‘Č𐑑𐑩𐑙 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘›đ‘Šđ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ. 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑩𐑟 𐑄𐑳𐑗 𐑄đ‘č 𐑹𐑑 𐑕𐑑𐑱𐑒 đ‘Łđ‘œ 𐑞𐑹𐑯 𐑞 𐑱𐑥 𐑎𐑀𐑛 𐑛𐑩𐑝đ‘Č𐑛 𐑩𐑯 preferene 𐑓 𐑛𐑾𐑒 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑 đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑱 𐑀đ‘Č𐑑 𐑚𐑹𐑒𐑜𐑼𐑬𐑯𐑛 đ‘č 𐑝đ‘Č𐑕 versa. 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑼𐑰𐑛𐑩𐑙 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘•đ‘©đ‘šđ‘Šđ‘€đ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘Ÿ 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘•đ‘€đ‘§đ‘’đ‘•đ‘Ÿ 𐑄𐑱 𐑚𐑧𐑯𐑩𐑓𐑩𐑑 𐑑𐑟𐑊𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑛𐑩𐑕𐑀𐑊 𐑓𐑼đ‘Ș𐑄 𐑿𐑟𐑩𐑙 𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑖𐑩𐑀𐑊 𐑛𐑩𐑟đ‘Č𐑯𐑛 𐑓đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑕, 𐑓 đ‘Šđ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘­đ‘„đ‘đ‘©đ‘€. 𐑱 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑩𐑀 "𐑱𐑳𐑯 𐑕đ‘Č𐑟 𐑓𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑷𐑀" 𐑕𐑑đ‘Č𐑀𐑊𐑙 𐑕𐑊𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑄 𐑱đ‘ș 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑀𐑫𐑒𐑕 𐑞 𐑕𐑱𐑄 𐑧𐑝𐑼𐑩𐑱đ‘ș 𐑩𐑟 đ‘œđ‘šđ‘źđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘°đ‘› 𐑑 đ‘đ‘Œđ‘“đ‘č𐑄 đ‘đ‘«đ‘Œđ‘€đ‘Š 𐑓 𐑱 𐑀đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑝 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀. 𐑱 𐑄đ‘č 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑕𐑑đ‘Č𐑀𐑊𐑙 𐑕𐑊𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑄 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑕𐑩𐑓đ‘Č đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘“đ‘Œđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑀𐑫𐑒𐑕 𐑓 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘“đ‘Œđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑛𐑩𐑝đ‘Čđ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑯 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑𐑕 đ‘šđ‘»đ‘›đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑧𐑝𐑼𐑩 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘›đ‘Šđ‘đ‘Šđ‘Ąđ‘”đ‘©đ‘€ đ‘·đ‘”đ‘Œ 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑞 𐑑𐑭𐑕𐑒 𐑝 𐑄𐑱𐑒𐑊𐑙 đ‘–đ‘«đ‘Œ 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑒𐑚𐑐𐑕𐑿𐑀 𐑩𐑟 đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘šđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑧𐑝𐑼𐑩𐑱đ‘ș. đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘•đ‘đ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘Żđ‘• 𐑓𐑼đ‘Ș𐑄 𐑞 𐑱𐑧𐑚 𐑕𐑩𐑥𐑧𐑕𐑑𐑕 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑩𐑒𐑕𐑧𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑊 đ‘Šđ‘–đ‘”đ‘Ÿ 𐑹𐑊𐑀 đ‘Ș𐑓𐑩𐑯 𐑚𐑰 𐑩𐑯 đ‘­đ‘“đ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘”đ‘·đ‘‘ 𐑹𐑑 𐑚𐑧𐑕𐑑. 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑄𐑳𐑗 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘„đ‘đ‘€đ‘Œ, 𐑯 𐑩𐑯 𐑓𐑹𐑒𐑑 𐑄𐑳𐑗 𐑄đ‘č đ‘€đ‘Šđ‘šđ‘Œđ‘±đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑓 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 đ‘·đ‘”đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ, 𐑑 𐑀𐑧𐑑 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑡𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑, 𐑯 đ‘€đ‘°đ‘ 𐑕𐑑đ‘Č𐑀𐑊𐑙 𐑑 𐑞 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑. 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕 𐑄đ‘Č𐑑 𐑀𐑫𐑒 𐑛𐑳𐑀 𐑯 𐑚đ‘č𐑩𐑙, 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑞đ‘ș𐑟 𐑯𐑮 đ‘źđ‘°đ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑣𐑹𐑟 𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑞 𐑒𐑱𐑕. 𐑩𐑓 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑩𐑟 𐑛𐑊𐑄𐑭𐑯𐑛 𐑓 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑣đ‘Č 𐑒𐑱đ‘Ș𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑊 𐑓đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑 đ‘źđ‘§đ‘Żđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑯 𐑚𐑿𐑑𐑊𐑓𐑩𐑀 𐑑đ‘Č𐑐đ‘Șđ‘œđ‘źđ‘©đ‘“đ‘Š, 𐑕𐑳𐑗 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕 𐑹𐑊𐑀 đ‘Šđ‘đ‘§đ‘Żđ‘—đ‘”đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Š 𐑚𐑰 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘đ‘§đ‘€đ‘©đ‘đ‘‘ - 𐑯 𐑱𐑧𐑯 𐑞𐑱 𐑾, đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑣𐑔 đ‘đ‘šđ‘€đ‘ż 𐑞𐑮𐑟 𐑔𐑩𐑙𐑟 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑊𐑯𐑥𐑶 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑼𐑰𐑛𐑩𐑙 đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘•đ‘đ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘Żđ‘• 𐑧𐑝𐑼𐑩𐑱đ‘ș 𐑩𐑯 Geminispace, đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑱𐑧𐑯 𐑼𐑰𐑛𐑩𐑙 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑟𐑊𐑑𐑩𐑯 𐑚đ‘Č đ‘·đ‘”đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑣𐑔 𐑛𐑮𐑯𐑑 𐑒đ‘ș 𐑩𐑚𐑏𐑑 𐑕𐑑đ‘Č𐑀𐑊𐑙 𐑹𐑑 𐑷𐑀.

2.12 𐑱đ‘Č đ‘Šđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑩𐑯 đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘ąđ‘Šđ‘đ‘©đ‘€đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑝 𐑞 HTTP 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑-𐑀𐑧𐑙𐑔 đ‘Łđ‘§đ‘›đ‘Œ?

𐑯đ‘Ș𐑯-extensibility 𐑝 𐑞 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑱 đ‘„đ‘±đ‘Ąđ‘Œ 𐑛𐑩𐑟đ‘Č𐑯 𐑐𐑟𐑊𐑯𐑕𐑩𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑓 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č. 𐑔𐑩𐑙𐑟 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 đ‘’đ‘«đ‘’đ‘Šđ‘Ÿ, Etags 𐑯 đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑑𐑼𐑹𐑒𐑩𐑙 đ‘‘đ‘”đ‘€đ‘Ÿ 𐑹𐑻 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 đ‘đ‘źđ‘§đ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑩𐑯 𐑞 đ‘Œđ‘Šđ‘Ąđ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑛𐑩𐑟đ‘Č𐑯 𐑝 HTTP, 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑒𐑫𐑛 𐑚𐑰 seamlessly 𐑚𐑛𐑩𐑛 đ‘€đ‘±đ‘‘đ‘Œ 𐑚𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑞 HTTP 𐑼𐑩𐑕𐑐đ‘Ș𐑯𐑕 𐑓đ‘č𐑄𐑚𐑑 𐑩𐑟 𐑎𐑐𐑩𐑯-𐑧𐑯𐑛𐑩𐑛 𐑯 đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Źđ‘Ÿ 𐑞 𐑰𐑟𐑩 𐑊𐑯𐑒𐑀𐑔𐑠𐑩𐑯 𐑝 𐑯𐑿 đ‘Łđ‘§đ‘›đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ. 𐑑 𐑄𐑊𐑯𐑊𐑄đ‘Č𐑟 𐑞 𐑼𐑩𐑕𐑒 𐑝 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑕𐑀𐑎𐑀𐑊 mutating 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑔 𐑕𐑳𐑄𐑔𐑊𐑙 𐑄đ‘č 𐑱𐑧𐑚-𐑀đ‘Č𐑒, 𐑩𐑑 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑛𐑩𐑕đ‘Č𐑛𐑩𐑛 𐑑 𐑊𐑯𐑒𐑀𐑔𐑛 𐑱𐑳𐑯 𐑯 đ‘Šđ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘šđ‘’đ‘‘đ‘€đ‘Š 𐑱𐑳𐑯 𐑐𐑰𐑕 𐑝 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘“đ‘Œđ‘„đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑩𐑯 𐑞 𐑼𐑩𐑕𐑐đ‘Ș𐑯𐑕 đ‘Łđ‘§đ‘›đ‘Œ 𐑓 𐑕𐑩𐑒𐑕𐑧𐑕𐑓𐑩𐑀 𐑼𐑩𐑒𐑱𐑧𐑕𐑑𐑕. 𐑊𐑯𐑒𐑀𐑔𐑛𐑊𐑙 𐑑𐑔 đ‘đ‘°đ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑝 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘“đ‘Œđ‘„đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑱 𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑕𐑩𐑓đ‘Č𐑛 delimiter 𐑹𐑫𐑛 đ‘đ‘źđ‘©đ‘đ‘Č𐑛 𐑱 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 đ‘Șđ‘šđ‘đ‘Ÿđ‘• 𐑐𐑭𐑔 𐑓 đ‘€đ‘±đ‘‘đ‘Œ 𐑹𐑛𐑩𐑙 𐑱 𐑔𐑻𐑛 𐑐𐑰𐑕 - 𐑡𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑿𐑟 𐑞 𐑕𐑱𐑄 delimiter đ‘©đ‘œđ‘±đ‘Ż. 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑩𐑟 𐑚𐑱𐑕𐑊𐑒𐑀𐑊 𐑯𐑮 𐑕𐑑𐑱𐑚𐑩𐑀 đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ÿđ‘Šđ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑚𐑩𐑑𐑱𐑰𐑯 𐑱𐑳𐑯 𐑐𐑰𐑕 𐑝 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘“đ‘Œđ‘„đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑯 𐑾𐑚𐑩𐑑𐑼đ‘ș𐑊𐑀𐑊 𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑊 đ‘đ‘°đ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑝 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘“đ‘Œđ‘„đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż, 𐑕𐑮 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑒𐑕 𐑣𐑾𐑛 𐑑 𐑞 𐑓đ‘čđ‘„đ‘Œ đ‘Ș𐑐𐑖𐑩𐑯, đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑩𐑓 𐑩𐑑 đ‘„đ‘°đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑣𐑹𐑝𐑩𐑙 𐑑 𐑕𐑹𐑒𐑼𐑩𐑓đ‘Č𐑕 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑯đ‘Č𐑕 𐑯 𐑕𐑰𐑄𐑊𐑙𐑀𐑊 𐑣𐑞𐑄𐑀𐑩𐑕 𐑓𐑳𐑙𐑒𐑖𐑩𐑯𐑚𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑊. đ‘œđ‘Šđ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑟𐑊𐑕𐑑𐑟𐑊𐑒𐑖𐑩𐑯, 𐑊𐑯𐑒𐑀𐑔𐑛𐑊𐑙 𐑎𐑯𐑀𐑊 𐑩𐑯 đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘ąđ‘Šđ‘đ‘©đ‘€đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑝 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑-𐑑đ‘Č𐑐 𐑕𐑰𐑄𐑛 đ‘’đ‘€đ‘œđ‘€đ‘Š 𐑄đ‘č 𐑿𐑕𐑓𐑩𐑀 𐑞𐑹𐑯 𐑊𐑯𐑒𐑀𐑔𐑛𐑊𐑙 𐑎𐑯𐑀𐑊 𐑩𐑯 đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘ąđ‘Šđ‘đ‘©đ‘€đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑝 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑-𐑀𐑧𐑙𐑔. 𐑞 𐑕𐑱𐑄 𐑩𐑟 𐑑𐑟𐑔 𐑓 đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑣𐑞𐑄𐑀𐑩𐑕 𐑯 𐑿𐑕𐑓𐑩𐑀 HTTP đ‘Łđ‘§đ‘›đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ, 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 𐑀𐑭𐑕𐑑-𐑄đ‘Ș𐑛𐑩𐑓đ‘Č𐑛.

đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑷𐑀𐑕𐑎 𐑣𐑹𐑟 𐑯𐑮 đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘ąđ‘Šđ‘đ‘©đ‘€đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑝 𐑞 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑-𐑀𐑧𐑙𐑔 đ‘Łđ‘§đ‘›đ‘Œ, 𐑯 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑣𐑹𐑟 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 đ‘đ‘źđ‘”đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑱 𐑐𐑟𐑚𐑒𐑑𐑊𐑒𐑩𐑀 đ‘Ș𐑚𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑒𐑩𐑀 𐑩𐑯 Gopherspace.

đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑱𐑩𐑞𐑬𐑑 𐑞𐑩𐑕 đ‘Łđ‘§đ‘›đ‘Œ, 𐑩𐑑 𐑩𐑟 𐑐đ‘Ș𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀 (𐑳𐑯𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 𐑩𐑯 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ) 𐑓 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕 𐑑 𐑛𐑩𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑙𐑜𐑱𐑩𐑖 𐑚𐑩𐑑𐑱𐑰𐑯 𐑱 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘šđ‘’đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑣𐑹𐑟 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑰𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑕𐑩𐑒𐑕𐑧𐑕𐑓𐑩𐑀𐑊 𐑯 𐑱𐑳𐑯 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑣𐑹𐑟 𐑛𐑼đ‘Ș𐑐𐑑 𐑬𐑑 𐑄𐑊𐑛-𐑑𐑟𐑚𐑯𐑕𐑓𐑻 𐑛𐑿 𐑑 𐑱 𐑯𐑧𐑑𐑹𐑻𐑒 𐑓𐑷𐑀𐑑 đ‘č 𐑄𐑩𐑀𐑊𐑖𐑩𐑕 𐑩𐑑𐑚𐑒 𐑝đ‘Č𐑩 𐑞 đ‘đ‘źđ‘§đ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘• đ‘č 𐑚𐑚𐑕𐑩𐑯𐑕 𐑝 𐑱 TLS 𐑖𐑳𐑑𐑛𐑬𐑯 𐑄𐑧𐑕𐑊𐑥.

𐑩𐑑 𐑩𐑟 𐑑𐑟𐑔 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑞 𐑊𐑯𐑩𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑊 𐑓 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕 𐑑 𐑑𐑧𐑀 đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑣𐑬 𐑄𐑳𐑗 𐑄đ‘č 𐑝 𐑱 𐑀𐑞𐑥 𐑓đ‘Č𐑀 𐑕𐑑𐑊𐑀 𐑣𐑹𐑟 𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑛𐑏𐑯𐑀𐑎𐑛𐑩𐑛 𐑯 𐑑 𐑧𐑕𐑑𐑊𐑄𐑱𐑑 𐑣𐑬 𐑀đ‘Ș𐑙 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑄𐑱 𐑑𐑱𐑒 đ‘„đ‘°đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑒𐑹𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 đ‘đ‘źđ‘©đ‘đ‘Č𐑛 𐑱 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œ-𐑓𐑟𐑧𐑯𐑛𐑀𐑊 đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘•đ‘đ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘Żđ‘• 𐑓 𐑀𐑞𐑥 𐑓đ‘Č𐑀 đ‘›đ‘Źđ‘Żđ‘€đ‘Žđ‘›đ‘Ÿ. đ‘Łđ‘Źđ‘§đ‘đ‘Œ, 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑹𐑫𐑛 𐑚𐑰 𐑞 𐑒𐑱𐑕 đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑩𐑓 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑-𐑀𐑧𐑙𐑔 𐑹𐑻 𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑕𐑩𐑓đ‘Č𐑛, 𐑹𐑟 𐑕𐑳𐑗 𐑩𐑯 đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘•đ‘đ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘Żđ‘• 𐑹𐑫𐑛 𐑷𐑀𐑕𐑎 𐑼𐑩𐑒𐑱đ‘Čđ‘Œ đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑒đ‘Șđ‘„đ‘đ‘€đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑚𐑛𐑩𐑛 𐑑 𐑞 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 e.g. 𐑞 𐑩𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑊 𐑑 đ‘źđ‘§đ‘Ÿđ‘żđ‘„đ‘± đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘łđ‘đ‘‘đ‘©đ‘› đ‘›đ‘Źđ‘Żđ‘€đ‘Žđ‘›đ‘Ÿ. 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑛đ‘Șđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘„đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘• 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑝 𐑒đ‘č𐑕 𐑕𐑑𐑟𐑱𐑑𐑓đ‘čđ‘ąđ‘Œđ‘›đ‘€đ‘Š 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒 𐑑 𐑼𐑩𐑟đ‘čđ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑣𐑎𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑝đ‘Č𐑩 HTTPS, BitTorrent, IPFS, DAT, 𐑯𐑯𐑯. 𐑯 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑄𐑱 𐑚𐑰 𐑞 𐑚𐑧𐑕𐑑 đ‘Ș𐑐𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑓 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 𐑀𐑞𐑥 𐑓đ‘Čđ‘€đ‘Ÿ.

2.13 𐑱đ‘Č đ‘Šđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑱 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 đ‘đ‘»đ‘ đ‘©đ‘Ż đ‘Żđ‘łđ‘„đ‘šđ‘Œ 𐑊𐑯𐑒𐑀𐑔𐑛𐑩𐑛 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑼𐑩𐑒𐑱𐑧𐑕𐑑𐑕 đ‘č 𐑼𐑩𐑕𐑐đ‘Șđ‘Żđ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ?

𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑹𐑫𐑛 𐑎𐑯𐑀𐑊 𐑚𐑰 𐑿𐑕𐑓𐑩𐑀 𐑩𐑓 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑹𐑻 đ‘đ‘€đ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑑 𐑕𐑄𐑔𐑞𐑀𐑊 đ‘łđ‘đ‘œđ‘źđ‘±đ‘› 𐑑 𐑱 "𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 2.0" 𐑩𐑯 𐑞 đ‘“đ‘żđ‘—đ‘Œ - 𐑯 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑾𐑯𐑑! 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑩𐑟 𐑱 "𐑀𐑧𐑕 𐑩𐑟 𐑄đ‘č" 𐑟𐑊𐑚𐑒𐑖𐑩𐑯 đ‘©đ‘œđ‘±đ‘Żđ‘•đ‘‘ 𐑱𐑧𐑚 browsers 𐑯 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑚𐑊𐑒𐑳𐑄𐑊𐑙 𐑑𐑔 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑯 𐑑𐑔 đ‘đ‘Źđ‘Œđ‘“đ‘©đ‘€. 𐑩𐑑 𐑄𐑱𐑒𐑕 𐑯𐑮 𐑕𐑧𐑯𐑕 𐑑 𐑐𐑀𐑚𐑯 𐑑 𐑹𐑛 𐑄đ‘č 𐑓𐑳𐑙𐑒𐑖𐑩𐑯𐑚𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑊 𐑑 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘€đ‘±đ‘‘đ‘Œ. 𐑩𐑯𐑕𐑑𐑧𐑛 𐑞 𐑐𐑀𐑚𐑯 𐑩𐑟 𐑑 "𐑜𐑧𐑑 𐑩𐑑 𐑼đ‘Č𐑑 𐑞 𐑓𐑻𐑕𐑑 𐑑đ‘Č𐑄", 𐑹𐑟 𐑄𐑳𐑗 𐑹𐑟 𐑐đ‘Ș𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀, 𐑞𐑧𐑯 𐑓𐑼𐑰𐑟 𐑞 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑕𐑊𐑓𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯 đ‘“đ‘Œđ‘§đ‘đ‘Œ đ‘­đ‘“đ‘‘đ‘Œ, 𐑱𐑩𐑞𐑬𐑑 đ‘łđ‘đ‘œđ‘źđ‘±đ‘›đ‘Ÿ, 𐑊𐑯𐑣𐑭𐑯𐑕𐑄𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕 đ‘č đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘•đ‘‘đ‘§đ‘Żđ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ.

𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑄𐑱 𐑕𐑰𐑄 𐑟𐑚𐑛𐑊𐑒𐑩𐑀 đ‘č 𐑳𐑯𐑱đ‘Č𐑟, 𐑚𐑳𐑑 đ‘ąđ‘°đ‘Œ 𐑒𐑷𐑖𐑩𐑕𐑀𐑊 đ‘Ș𐑐𐑑𐑊𐑄𐑊𐑕𐑑𐑊𐑒. 𐑞 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑕𐑊𐑓𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑣𐑹𐑟 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑚𐑰𐑯 𐑗𐑱𐑯𐑥𐑛 𐑩𐑯 𐑩𐑚𐑏𐑑 30 đ‘˜đ‘œđ‘Ÿ, 𐑯 𐑎𐑯𐑀𐑊 𐑱 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 𐑕𐑄𐑷𐑀 đ‘Żđ‘łđ‘„đ‘šđ‘Œ 𐑝 𐑒𐑱đ‘Č𐑑 𐑄đ‘Čđ‘Żđ‘Œ 𐑳𐑯𐑩𐑓𐑊𐑖𐑩𐑀 đ‘—đ‘±đ‘Żđ‘Ąđ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑑 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑒 𐑾 𐑩𐑯 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑄𐑩𐑯 𐑿𐑟 𐑩𐑯 today's Gopherspace, 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑩𐑟 𐑚𐑒𐑗𐑔𐑩𐑀𐑊 𐑜𐑼𐑮𐑩𐑙 𐑩𐑯 𐑐đ‘Șđ‘đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘€đ‘šđ‘źđ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Š. 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑄𐑚đ‘Č𐑯𐑟 đ‘„đ‘©đ‘—đ‘«đ‘Œ, 𐑿𐑚𐑊𐑒𐑹𐑊𐑑𐑩𐑕 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Żđ‘§đ‘‘ đ‘đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘„đ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘đ‘Ÿ 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 URIs, 𐑄đ‘Č𐑄 đ‘„đ‘°đ‘›đ‘Ÿ 𐑑đ‘Č𐑐𐑕 𐑯 TLS 𐑩𐑯 𐑱 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 𐑕𐑑𐑟𐑱𐑑𐑓đ‘čđ‘ąđ‘Œđ‘› 𐑹𐑱, 𐑯 𐑕𐑰𐑒𐑕 𐑑 𐑓đ‘Șđ‘•đ‘‘đ‘Œ 𐑱 đ‘’đ‘łđ‘€đ‘—đ‘Œ 𐑝 𐑹𐑻𐑒𐑊𐑙 𐑱𐑩𐑞𐑩𐑯 - 𐑯 đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑊𐑄𐑚𐑟𐑱𐑕𐑊𐑙 - 𐑒đ‘ș𐑓𐑩𐑀𐑊 đ‘—đ‘Žđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Ż đ‘€đ‘Šđ‘„đ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ, đ‘źđ‘­đ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑞𐑹𐑯 đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘„đ‘”đ‘đ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑰𐑗 𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑕𐑑𐑟𐑱𐑯𐑑 𐑹𐑟 𐑩𐑑 𐑩𐑟 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘’đ‘Źđ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘› 𐑑 𐑄𐑱𐑒 𐑧𐑯𐑩𐑔𐑩𐑙 𐑐đ‘Ș𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀. 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑾 𐑐𐑀𐑧𐑯𐑑𐑊 𐑝 𐑔𐑩𐑙𐑟 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑩𐑟 𐑿𐑕𐑓𐑩𐑀 𐑓 𐑯 đ‘œđ‘«đ‘› 𐑹𐑑 𐑼đ‘Č𐑑 𐑯𐑬, 𐑯 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑩𐑟 𐑯𐑮 đ‘źđ‘°đ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑑 𐑔𐑩𐑙𐑒 𐑩𐑑 𐑱𐑮𐑯𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑿𐑕𐑓𐑩𐑀 𐑓 𐑯 đ‘œđ‘«đ‘› 𐑹𐑑 𐑞𐑮𐑟 𐑕𐑱𐑄 𐑔𐑩𐑙𐑟 đ‘›đ‘§đ‘’đ‘±đ‘›đ‘Ÿ 𐑓𐑼đ‘Ș𐑄 𐑯𐑬.

2.14 𐑱đ‘Č 𐑛𐑮𐑯𐑑 𐑿 𐑒đ‘ș 𐑩𐑚𐑏𐑑 retrocomputing 𐑕𐑩𐑐đ‘č𐑑?

đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑩𐑟 𐑕𐑮 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑞𐑹𐑑 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘„đ‘đ‘żđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑓𐑼đ‘Ș𐑄 𐑞 80s đ‘č 90s 𐑒𐑹𐑯 đ‘°đ‘Ÿđ‘Šđ‘€đ‘Š 𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑄𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑞 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀, 𐑯 𐑓 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑩𐑟 𐑱𐑳𐑯 𐑝 𐑞 đ‘œđ‘źđ‘±đ‘‘ đ‘đ‘»đ‘—đ‘”đ‘Ÿ 𐑝 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ. 𐑞 TLS 𐑼𐑩𐑒𐑱đ‘Čđ‘Œđ‘„đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑝 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑀𐑊𐑄𐑊𐑑𐑕 𐑩𐑑 𐑑 𐑄đ‘č 𐑄đ‘Șđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘Ż đ‘„đ‘©đ‘–đ‘°đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ.

𐑎𐑀𐑛 đ‘„đ‘©đ‘–đ‘°đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑾 𐑷𐑕𐑩𐑄, 𐑯 𐑒𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑙 𐑞𐑧𐑄 𐑼𐑳𐑯𐑩𐑙, đ‘Ș𐑯𐑀đ‘Č𐑯 𐑯 𐑿𐑕𐑓𐑩𐑀 𐑓 𐑹𐑟 𐑀đ‘Ș𐑙 𐑹𐑟 𐑐đ‘Ș𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑩𐑟 𐑩𐑯 𐑷𐑕𐑩𐑄 𐑔𐑩𐑙 𐑑 𐑛𐑔. 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑩𐑑 𐑷𐑀𐑕𐑎 𐑄𐑱𐑒𐑕 𐑯𐑮 𐑕𐑧𐑯𐑕 𐑓 𐑞 𐑝𐑭𐑕𐑑 𐑄𐑩𐑥đ‘Ș𐑼𐑩𐑑𐑩 𐑝 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Żđ‘§đ‘‘ đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑑 𐑕𐑹𐑒𐑼𐑩𐑓đ‘Č𐑕 𐑧𐑯𐑩 𐑯 𐑷𐑀 đ‘đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘đ‘©đ‘•đ‘Š 𐑐𐑟𐑩𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑑 𐑓𐑩𐑕𐑊𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑱𐑑 𐑞𐑩𐑕. đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘„đ‘§đ‘„đ‘šđ‘Œ, 𐑞𐑮, 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑛𐑮𐑟 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑱𐑄 𐑑 𐑟𐑊𐑐𐑀𐑱𐑕 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ, 𐑕𐑮 𐑞 retro-𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑐𐑚𐑑𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Żđ‘§đ‘‘ 𐑩𐑟 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑛𐑊𐑟𐑧𐑒𐑑𐑀𐑊 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘›đ‘±đ‘Żđ‘Ąđ‘Œđ‘› 𐑚đ‘Č 𐑩𐑑. 𐑩𐑯 𐑓𐑹𐑒𐑑, 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑝đ‘Č𐑩 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑼đ‘Č𐑑 𐑯𐑬 𐑾 𐑕𐑑𐑼đ‘Ș𐑙𐑀𐑊 𐑩𐑯𐑒𐑳𐑼𐑩𐑡𐑛 𐑑 𐑕𐑑𐑾𐑑 𐑷𐑀𐑕𐑎 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑕𐑱𐑄 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑝đ‘Č𐑩 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘„đ‘©đ‘€đ‘‘đ‘±đ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘•đ‘€đ‘Š. Retrocomputing 𐑓𐑹𐑯𐑟 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑊𐑯𐑿 𐑑 𐑹𐑒𐑕𐑧𐑕 𐑞 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑝đ‘Č𐑩 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ, 𐑱đ‘Č𐑀 𐑄đ‘Șđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘Ż đ‘’đ‘©đ‘„đ‘đ‘żđ‘‘đ‘Œ đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑣𐑔 𐑱𐑩𐑖 𐑑 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑕𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑑 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑯 𐑼𐑰𐑐 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑚𐑧𐑯𐑩𐑓𐑩𐑑𐑕.

3. 𐑜𐑧𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑕𐑑𐑞𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑩𐑯 Geminispace

3.1 đ‘Č𐑄 đ‘’đ‘˜đ‘«đ‘Œđ‘Ÿđ‘• 𐑩𐑚𐑏𐑑 Geminispace, 𐑣𐑬 𐑒𐑹𐑯 đ‘Č 𐑗𐑧𐑒 𐑩𐑑 𐑬𐑑?

𐑞 𐑀𐑎𐑩𐑕𐑑 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑊𐑑𐑄𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑹𐑱 𐑑 𐑊𐑒𐑕𐑐𐑀đ‘č Geminispace 𐑩𐑟 𐑑 𐑿𐑟 𐑱 𐑱𐑧𐑚 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑒𐑕𐑩 đ‘č "𐑐đ‘č𐑑𐑩𐑀", 𐑕𐑳𐑗 𐑹𐑟 𐑱𐑳𐑯 𐑝 𐑞 𐑓đ‘Ș𐑀𐑎𐑊𐑙:

The mozz.us Gemini portal

The vulpes.one Gemini portal

𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑹𐑊𐑀 𐑩𐑀𐑏 𐑿 𐑑 𐑿𐑟 𐑘đ‘č đ‘źđ‘§đ‘œđ‘˜đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Œ 𐑱𐑧𐑚 browser 𐑑 𐑊𐑒𐑕𐑐𐑀đ‘č Geminispace. 𐑩𐑓 𐑿 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑿 𐑕𐑰, 𐑿 𐑄đ‘Č𐑑 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑 𐑑 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘•đ‘Šđ‘›đ‘Œ 𐑊𐑯𐑕𐑑𐑷𐑀𐑊𐑙 𐑱 𐑛𐑧𐑛𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑, 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑹𐑊𐑀 𐑑𐑊𐑐𐑊𐑒𐑀𐑊 đ‘Șđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑱 đ‘šđ‘§đ‘‘đ‘Œ 𐑯 𐑄đ‘č 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑰𐑑 𐑚𐑼𐑬𐑟𐑩𐑙 đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘•đ‘đ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘Żđ‘•. 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑓đ‘Č𐑯𐑛 𐑱 𐑀𐑊𐑕𐑑 𐑝 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕 (𐑯 đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑕đ‘Ș𐑓𐑑𐑱đ‘ș) 𐑹𐑑 𐑞 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒 𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑎. 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑾 đ‘°đ‘đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕 đ‘©đ‘đ‘±đ‘€đ‘©đ‘šđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑓 𐑄𐑎𐑚đ‘Č𐑀 𐑐𐑀𐑚𐑑𐑓đ‘čđ‘„đ‘Ÿ 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 𐑚𐑯𐑛𐑟𐑶𐑛 𐑯 iOS!

Gemini software list

𐑩𐑓 𐑿 𐑣𐑹𐑝 𐑩𐑯 ssh 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑊𐑯𐑕𐑑𐑷𐑀𐑛, 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑑𐑼đ‘Č 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑑𐑻𐑄𐑊𐑯𐑩𐑀 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑕 𐑬𐑑 𐑱𐑩𐑞𐑬𐑑 𐑊𐑯𐑕𐑑𐑷𐑀𐑊𐑙 𐑞𐑧𐑄 𐑚đ‘Č 𐑼𐑳𐑯𐑩𐑙:

ssh kiosk@gemini.circumlunar.space

𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑒𐑰đ‘Ș𐑕𐑒 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑟 𐑩𐑯𐑕𐑐đ‘Čđ‘Œđ‘› 𐑚đ‘Č 𐑞 đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑒𐑰đ‘Ș𐑕𐑒 𐑹𐑑 bitreich.org!

3.2 𐑎𐑒𐑱, đ‘Č𐑝 𐑜đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑱 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑, 𐑱đ‘ș 𐑒𐑹𐑯 đ‘Č 𐑓đ‘Č𐑯𐑛 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑?

𐑓 𐑯𐑬, Geminispace 𐑩𐑟 𐑕𐑑𐑊𐑀 𐑕𐑄𐑷𐑀 𐑩𐑯𐑳𐑓 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑩𐑑𐑕 đ‘“đ‘°đ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘šđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑑 𐑿𐑟 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘źđ‘§đ‘’đ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Šđ‘Ÿ 𐑹𐑟 𐑱 𐑹𐑱 𐑑 đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘•đ‘’đ‘łđ‘đ‘Œ 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑩𐑟 𐑬𐑑 𐑞đ‘ș. 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑝 𐑞𐑰𐑟 𐑾 𐑀𐑊𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑎:

The medusae.space Gemini directory has a list of capsules divided into thematic categories

The geminispace.info search engine's list of known Gemini hosts

A historic list of the first 50 Gemini servers

𐑩𐑓 𐑿 𐑾 𐑀𐑫𐑒𐑊𐑙 𐑓 𐑕𐑳𐑄𐑔𐑊𐑙 𐑩𐑯 đ‘đ‘Œđ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Œ, 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑣𐑹𐑟 𐑱𐑳𐑯 𐑕𐑻𐑗 𐑧𐑯𐑡𐑩𐑯:

geminispace.info, the Gemini search engine

𐑞đ‘ș 𐑾 𐑑𐑔 𐑐𐑳𐑚𐑀𐑊𐑒 aggregators 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑩𐑑𐑧𐑄𐑐𐑑 𐑑 𐑄𐑱𐑒 𐑩𐑑 đ‘°đ‘Ÿđ‘œ 𐑑 𐑓đ‘Č𐑯𐑛 𐑟𐑰𐑕𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑀𐑊-𐑳𐑐𐑛𐑱𐑑𐑩𐑛 đ‘„đ‘©đ‘‘đ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘€ 𐑩𐑯 Geminispace:

CAPCOM, which aggregates Atom feeds of Gemini content

Spacewalk, which uses change-detection to find new content

3.3 𐑣𐑬 𐑒𐑹𐑯 đ‘Č 𐑐𐑳𐑑 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑝 𐑄đ‘Č 𐑮𐑯 𐑩𐑯 Geminspace?

𐑱𐑳𐑯 đ‘Ș𐑐𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑩𐑟 𐑑 𐑕𐑧𐑑 𐑳𐑐 𐑘đ‘č 𐑮𐑯 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œ đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑱 VPS đ‘č 𐑱 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘„đ‘đ‘żđ‘‘đ‘Œ 𐑩𐑯 𐑘đ‘č 𐑣𐑎𐑄 (𐑕𐑄𐑷𐑀 SBCs 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 𐑞 RaspberryPi 𐑾 𐑐𐑻𐑓𐑊𐑒𐑑𐑀𐑊 𐑒𐑱𐑐𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑝 𐑹𐑒𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑹𐑟 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ). 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑩𐑟 𐑱 𐑱đ‘Č𐑛 𐑟𐑱𐑯𐑥 𐑝 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œ 𐑕đ‘Ș𐑓𐑑𐑱đ‘ș đ‘©đ‘đ‘±đ‘€đ‘©đ‘šđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑑 đ‘—đ‘”đ‘Ÿ 𐑓𐑼đ‘Ș𐑄:

Gemini software list

đ‘·đ‘€đ‘‘đ‘»đ‘Żđ‘©đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘đ‘€đ‘Š, 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑓đ‘Č𐑯𐑛 𐑕𐑳𐑄𐑹đ‘ș 𐑧𐑀𐑕 𐑑 𐑣𐑮𐑕𐑑 𐑘đ‘č 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑓 𐑿. 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑣𐑮𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑩𐑟 𐑷𐑀𐑕𐑎 đ‘©đ‘đ‘±đ‘€đ‘©đ‘šđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑓𐑼đ‘Ș𐑄 𐑞 𐑓đ‘Ș𐑀𐑎𐑊𐑙 đ‘đ‘źđ‘©đ‘đ‘Čđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ:

idf.looting.uk

SourceHut (including support for custom domains!)

𐑱 đ‘Żđ‘łđ‘„đ‘šđ‘Œ 𐑝 "pubnix" đ‘č "𐑑𐑊𐑀𐑛𐑩" đ‘’đ‘©đ‘„đ‘żđ‘Żđ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘Ÿ (𐑄𐑳𐑀𐑑𐑊-đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œ unix đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘•đ‘‘đ‘©đ‘„đ‘Ÿ 𐑱đ‘ș đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œđ‘Ÿ đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘šđ‘’đ‘‘ 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑱𐑳𐑯 đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑚đ‘Č sshing 𐑩𐑯 𐑯 𐑿𐑟𐑩𐑙 𐑀𐑎𐑒𐑩𐑀 𐑰𐑄𐑱𐑀, 𐑗𐑹𐑑 𐑯 BBS đ‘šđ‘đ‘€đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ) 𐑷𐑀𐑕𐑎 đ‘Șđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑣𐑮𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑙 (𐑑𐑊𐑐𐑊𐑒𐑀𐑊 𐑩𐑀đ‘Ș𐑙𐑕đ‘Č𐑛 𐑱𐑧𐑚 𐑯/đ‘č đ‘œđ‘Žđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑣𐑮𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑙). 𐑿 𐑄𐑱 𐑚𐑰 𐑱𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑑 𐑜𐑧𐑑 𐑩𐑯 𐑩𐑒𐑏𐑯𐑑 𐑝 𐑱𐑳𐑯 𐑝 𐑞 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘„đ‘żđ‘Żđ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘Ÿ 𐑀𐑊𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑎. đ‘đ‘€đ‘°đ‘Ÿ 𐑯𐑮𐑑 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑄𐑎𐑕𐑑 𐑝 𐑞𐑰𐑟 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘„đ‘żđ‘Żđ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘Ÿ 𐑾 đ‘Žđ‘€đ‘›đ‘Œ 𐑞𐑹𐑯 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑊𐑑𐑕𐑧𐑀𐑓, 𐑯 𐑄𐑱 𐑚𐑰 𐑓𐑎𐑒𐑩𐑕𐑑 đ‘Ș𐑯 đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œ đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Šđ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ, đ‘č 𐑄𐑱 𐑚𐑰 𐑕𐑐𐑩𐑕𐑊𐑓𐑊𐑒 𐑑 𐑱 đ‘đ‘Œđ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Œ 𐑔𐑰𐑄 đ‘č 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑟𐑩𐑕𐑑. 𐑟𐑊𐑕𐑻𐑗 𐑘đ‘č đ‘—đ‘¶đ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑒đ‘ș𐑓𐑩𐑀𐑊 𐑯 𐑥𐑶𐑯 𐑕𐑳𐑄𐑹đ‘ș 𐑿 𐑔𐑩𐑙𐑒 𐑿 𐑄đ‘Č𐑑 𐑓𐑩𐑑 𐑩𐑯 𐑹𐑧𐑀 đ‘Žđ‘đ‘Œđ‘·đ‘€, đ‘źđ‘­đ‘žđ‘Œ 𐑞𐑹𐑯 𐑡𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑑𐑼𐑰𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑞𐑰𐑟 đ‘©đ‘„đ‘±đ‘Ÿđ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑀𐑊𐑑𐑩𐑀 đ‘ąđ‘»đ‘€đ‘›đ‘Ÿ 𐑹𐑟 𐑓𐑼𐑰 𐑕𐑐𐑱𐑕 𐑑 𐑛𐑳𐑄𐑐 𐑘đ‘č 𐑕𐑑𐑳𐑓.

Ctrl-C.club

envs.net

Tanelorn City, a writer-focussed server

tilde.pink

Raw Text Club, aka RTC

Breadpunk.club, a baking-themed server

𐑩𐑓 𐑿 𐑚𐑊𐑀đ‘Ș𐑙 𐑑 𐑱 pubnix 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑿𐑯𐑊𐑑𐑊 𐑱𐑩𐑗 đ‘›đ‘łđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ đ‘Șđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑣𐑮𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑙, 𐑩𐑑 𐑒𐑭𐑯𐑑 𐑣𐑻𐑑 𐑑 𐑭𐑕𐑒 𐑞 admin(s) 𐑩𐑓 𐑞𐑱 𐑾 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑟𐑩𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑩𐑯 𐑹𐑛𐑩𐑙 𐑞𐑩𐑕 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Šđ‘•!

𐑩𐑓 𐑿 𐑛𐑔 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑓𐑰𐑀 đ‘’đ‘łđ‘„đ‘“đ‘Œđ‘‘đ‘©đ‘šđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑞 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑯đ‘Șđ‘€đ‘©đ‘Ąđ‘Šđ‘Ÿ 𐑯𐑰𐑛𐑩𐑛 𐑑 𐑄𐑱𐑒 𐑿𐑟 𐑝 pubnix 𐑣𐑮𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑙 (ssh đ‘č sftp, 𐑑𐑻𐑄𐑊𐑯𐑩𐑀 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑕𐑑 đ‘§đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ, unix 𐑓đ‘Č𐑀 đ‘đ‘Œđ‘„đ‘Šđ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ, 𐑯𐑯𐑯) 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑜𐑧𐑑 𐑓𐑼𐑰 𐑩𐑒𐑏𐑯𐑑𐑕 𐑹𐑑 𐑞 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Šđ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑎 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑹𐑊𐑀 𐑩𐑀𐑏 𐑿 𐑑 𐑄𐑱𐑯𐑑𐑱𐑯 𐑱 𐑒𐑚𐑐𐑕𐑿𐑀 𐑝đ‘Č𐑩 𐑱 𐑱𐑧𐑚 𐑚𐑐𐑀𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯:

Gemlog Blue, featuring an ultralight interface with no cookies or Javascript

Flounder, where your content will be available via Gemini and the web simultaneously

3.4 đ‘Č 𐑕𐑧𐑑 𐑳𐑐 𐑄đ‘Č 𐑮𐑯 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œ, 𐑩𐑟 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑧𐑯𐑩𐑔𐑩𐑙 đ‘Č 𐑖𐑫𐑛 𐑛𐑔?

đ‘đ‘€đ‘°đ‘Ÿ đ‘’đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘•đ‘Šđ‘›đ‘Œ 𐑥𐑶𐑯𐑊𐑙 𐑞 𐑄𐑱𐑀𐑊𐑙 𐑀𐑊𐑕𐑑 (𐑕𐑰 𐑒𐑹𐑧𐑕𐑗𐑩𐑯 1.3) 𐑕𐑮 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑩𐑯𐑏𐑯𐑕 𐑘đ‘č 𐑯𐑿 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œ 𐑑 𐑞 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑿𐑯𐑊𐑑𐑊, 𐑯 𐑒𐑰𐑐 𐑳𐑐 𐑑 𐑛𐑱𐑑 𐑱𐑩𐑞 e.g. 𐑳𐑐𐑛𐑱𐑑𐑕 𐑑 𐑘đ‘č đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œ 𐑕đ‘Ș𐑓𐑑𐑱đ‘ș đ‘č 𐑑 𐑞 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑐𐑟𐑎𐑑𐑩𐑒đ‘Ș𐑀 𐑊𐑑𐑕𐑧𐑀𐑓.

𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑄𐑊𐑑 𐑘đ‘č server's URL 𐑑 𐑞 geminispace.𐑩𐑯𐑓𐑮 𐑕𐑻𐑗 𐑧𐑯𐑡𐑩𐑯 𐑕𐑮 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑩𐑑 𐑜𐑧𐑑𐑕 𐑒𐑟𐑷𐑀𐑛, 𐑝đ‘Č𐑩 𐑞 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒 𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑎:

Submit a URL to geminispace.info

4. 𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑟𐑊𐑚𐑿𐑑𐑊𐑙 𐑑 𐑞 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑

4.1 đ‘Č 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 𐑞 𐑕𐑬𐑯𐑛 𐑝 𐑞 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑, 𐑣𐑬 𐑒𐑹𐑯 đ‘Č 𐑣𐑧𐑀𐑐?

𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑷𐑀𐑟𐑧𐑛𐑊 𐑣𐑹𐑟 𐑱 đ‘•đ‘Œđ‘đ‘źđ‘Č𐑟𐑩𐑙 đ‘Żđ‘łđ‘„đ‘šđ‘Œ 𐑝 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑯 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œ đ‘Šđ‘„đ‘đ‘€đ‘Šđ‘„đ‘§đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑩𐑯 đ‘Šđ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘Šđ‘•đ‘‘đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘• - 𐑱𐑩𐑗 đ‘Šđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑑 𐑕𐑱 𐑄đ‘č 𐑾𐑯𐑑 𐑹𐑧𐑀𐑒𐑩𐑄, 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑞 đ‘źđ‘Ÿđ‘€ 𐑖đ‘č𐑑𐑩𐑡 𐑼đ‘Č𐑑 𐑯𐑬 𐑩𐑟 𐑯đ‘Ș𐑑 𐑝 𐑕đ‘Ș𐑓𐑑𐑱đ‘ș 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑝 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑. 𐑞 𐑄đ‘č 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑟𐑩𐑕𐑑𐑊𐑙 𐑯 𐑩𐑒𐑕đ‘Č𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑕𐑑𐑳𐑓 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑓đ‘Č𐑯𐑛 𐑩𐑯 Geminispace, 𐑞 𐑄đ‘č 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒𐑀𐑊 𐑞𐑱 𐑾 𐑑 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑 𐑑 𐑹𐑛 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑝 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑮𐑯. 𐑕𐑮, 𐑞 đ‘œđ‘źđ‘±đ‘‘đ‘©đ‘•đ‘‘ 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑟𐑊𐑚𐑿𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑄𐑱𐑒 𐑑 𐑞 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑 𐑩𐑟 𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑱 𐑐𐑾𐑑 𐑝 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑐𐑼𐑮𐑕𐑧𐑕. 𐑕𐑰 𐑒𐑹𐑧𐑕𐑗𐑩𐑯 3.3 đ‘©đ‘šđ‘łđ‘ 𐑓 đ‘›đ‘°đ‘‘đ‘±đ‘€đ‘Ÿ đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑣𐑬 𐑑 𐑜𐑧𐑑 𐑘đ‘č 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑔 Geminispace.

𐑩𐑓 𐑿 𐑣𐑹𐑝 𐑞 đ‘Żđ‘§đ‘•đ‘©đ‘•đ‘Œđ‘Š 𐑑𐑧𐑒𐑯𐑊𐑒𐑩𐑀 đ‘•đ‘’đ‘Šđ‘€đ‘Ÿ, 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑄𐑱𐑒 𐑱 đ‘„đ‘±đ‘Ąđ‘Œ 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑟𐑊𐑚𐑿𐑖𐑩𐑯 𐑑 𐑞 𐑜𐑼𐑮𐑔 𐑝 Geminispace 𐑚đ‘Č đ‘đ‘źđ‘©đ‘đ‘Č𐑛𐑩𐑙 𐑱 𐑣𐑮𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑙 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Šđ‘• 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑿𐑟 𐑑 𐑐𐑳𐑚𐑀𐑊𐑖 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑. 𐑞𐑩𐑕 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑚𐑰 𐑹𐑟 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑹𐑟 𐑕𐑧𐑑𐑩𐑙 𐑳𐑐 sftp-𐑎𐑯𐑀𐑊 đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œ 𐑩𐑒𐑏𐑯𐑑𐑕 đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑱 VPS. đ‘Șđ‘“đ‘Œđ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑣𐑮𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑙 đ‘›đ‘łđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑯𐑧𐑕𐑩𐑕𐑧𐑟𐑊𐑀𐑊 𐑯𐑰𐑛 𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑱 𐑚𐑩𐑜 committment. 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑿𐑟 𐑞 𐑗𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑕𐑑 VPS đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Šđ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ đ‘Ș𐑯 đ‘Șđ‘“đ‘Œ 𐑑 𐑝𐑧𐑼𐑩 đ‘’đ‘łđ‘„đ‘“đ‘Œđ‘‘đ‘©đ‘šđ‘€đ‘Š 𐑣𐑮𐑕𐑑 𐑱 đ‘›đ‘łđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Ż đ‘č 𐑕𐑮 đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œđ‘Ÿ. 𐑱 𐑀𐑞𐑥 đ‘Żđ‘łđ‘„đ‘šđ‘Œ 𐑝 𐑣𐑮𐑕𐑑𐑕 𐑰𐑗 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑞 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 𐑝 𐑱 đ‘źđ‘§đ‘€đ‘©đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘đ‘€đ‘Š 𐑕𐑄𐑷𐑀 đ‘Żđ‘łđ‘„đ‘šđ‘Œ 𐑝 đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑩𐑟 𐑱 𐑄𐑳𐑗 𐑄đ‘č 𐑼𐑮𐑚𐑳𐑕𐑑 𐑯 𐑕𐑩𐑕𐑑𐑱𐑯𐑩𐑚𐑩𐑀 𐑰𐑒𐑎𐑕𐑊𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑄 𐑞𐑹𐑯 𐑱 𐑕𐑄𐑷𐑀 đ‘Żđ‘łđ‘„đ‘šđ‘Œ 𐑝 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑰𐑗 𐑣𐑮𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑙 đ‘Łđ‘łđ‘Żđ‘›đ‘źđ‘©đ‘›đ‘Ÿ đ‘č đ‘”đ‘Źđ‘Ÿđ‘©đ‘Żđ‘›đ‘Ÿ 𐑝 đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œđ‘Ÿ!

𐑩𐑓 𐑿 đ‘źđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘Š 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑 𐑑 𐑼đ‘Č𐑑 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑕đ‘Ș𐑓𐑑𐑱đ‘ș, 𐑱 đ‘đ‘Źđ‘Œđ‘“đ‘©đ‘€ 𐑑𐑔𐑀 𐑓 𐑩𐑒𐑕𐑐𐑹𐑯𐑛𐑩𐑙 Geminispace 𐑒𐑫𐑛 𐑚𐑰 𐑱 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘™đ‘œđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑐𐑰𐑕 𐑝 𐑕đ‘Ș𐑓𐑑𐑱đ‘ș 𐑱𐑩𐑗 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘„đ‘©đ‘€đ‘‘đ‘±đ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘•đ‘€đ‘Š đ‘đ‘źđ‘©đ‘đ‘Č𐑛𐑟 𐑱 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œ 𐑯 𐑱 𐑹𐑱 𐑓 𐑄𐑳𐑀𐑑𐑊𐑐𐑩𐑀 đ‘żđ‘Ÿđ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑑 đ‘°đ‘Ÿđ‘Šđ‘€đ‘Š 𐑄𐑚𐑯𐑊𐑥 𐑞 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 đ‘đ‘źđ‘©đ‘đ‘Č𐑛𐑩𐑛 𐑚đ‘Č 𐑕𐑧𐑛 đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Œ, e.g. 𐑝đ‘Č𐑩 𐑩𐑯 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘šđ‘’đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘ 𐑱𐑧𐑚 đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘“đ‘±đ‘• đ‘č 𐑚đ‘Č 𐑕𐑧𐑯𐑛𐑩𐑙 emails 𐑓𐑫𐑀 𐑝 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑; 𐑕𐑳𐑄𐑔𐑊𐑙 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 𐑞 Gemlog 𐑚𐑀𐑔 𐑯 đ‘“đ‘€đ‘Źđ‘Żđ‘›đ‘Œ đ‘•đ‘»đ‘đ‘Šđ‘•đ‘©đ‘Ÿ (𐑕𐑰 𐑒𐑹𐑧𐑕𐑗𐑩𐑯 3.3 đ‘©đ‘œđ‘±đ‘Ż), 𐑚𐑳𐑑 𐑐𐑹𐑒𐑩𐑡𐑛 𐑳𐑐 𐑯 𐑛đ‘Șđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘„đ‘§đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘©đ‘› 𐑩𐑯 𐑕𐑳𐑗 𐑱 𐑹𐑱 𐑞𐑹𐑑 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑰𐑟𐑩 𐑓 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑑 𐑛𐑊𐑐𐑀𐑶 𐑯 customise 𐑞đ‘ș 𐑮𐑯 multiuser 𐑕đ‘Č𐑑𐑕, 𐑄𐑳𐑗 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 e.g. 𐑱 𐑄𐑚𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑛đ‘Ș𐑯 𐑊𐑯𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑯𐑕.

𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑷𐑀𐑕𐑎 𐑣𐑧𐑀𐑐 𐑞 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑 𐑚đ‘Č 𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑟𐑊𐑚𐑿𐑑𐑊𐑙 đ‘’đ‘Œđ‘§đ‘’đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑯 đ‘©đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑑 đ‘č đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑝 𐑞 𐑩𐑓𐑊𐑖𐑩𐑀 𐑕đ‘Č𐑑 𐑯 𐑛đ‘Șđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘„đ‘§đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż (𐑕𐑰 đ‘’đ‘ąđ‘§đ‘•đ‘—đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 4.2 𐑯 4.3 𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑎).

4.2 𐑣𐑬 𐑛𐑔 đ‘Č 𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑟𐑊𐑚𐑿𐑑 𐑑 𐑞 𐑩𐑓𐑊𐑖𐑩𐑀 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑕đ‘Č𐑑 𐑯 𐑛đ‘Șđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘„đ‘§đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż?

𐑷𐑀 𐑞 𐑛đ‘Șđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘„đ‘§đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑣𐑎𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑛 𐑹𐑑 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č.circumlunar.𐑕𐑐𐑱𐑕, 𐑊𐑯𐑒𐑀𐑔𐑛𐑊𐑙 𐑞 FAQ đ‘˜đ‘«đ‘Œ 𐑼𐑰𐑛𐑩𐑙 𐑯𐑬, 𐑀đ‘Č𐑝𐑟 𐑩𐑯 𐑱 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘™đ‘œđ‘©đ‘€ git 𐑼𐑩𐑐đ‘Șđ‘Ÿđ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Š, 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑣𐑹𐑟 𐑼𐑰𐑛-𐑎𐑯𐑀𐑊 𐑹𐑒𐑕𐑧𐑕 𐑎𐑐𐑩𐑯 𐑑 𐑞 𐑐𐑳𐑚𐑀𐑊𐑒. 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑒𐑀𐑎𐑯 𐑞 repo 𐑹𐑟 𐑓đ‘Șđ‘€đ‘Žđ‘Ÿ:

git clone git://gemini.circumlunar.space/gemini-site

𐑞𐑧𐑯, 𐑄𐑱𐑒 𐑘đ‘č 𐑕𐑩𐑥𐑧𐑕𐑑𐑩𐑛 đ‘—đ‘±đ‘Żđ‘Ąđ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑑 𐑞 đ‘źđ‘§đ‘€đ‘©đ‘đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑓đ‘Čđ‘€đ‘Ÿ (𐑞 đ‘•đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘łđ‘’đ‘—đ‘Œ 𐑝 𐑞 URLs đ‘„đ‘Šđ‘źđ‘Œđ‘Ÿ 𐑞 đ‘•đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘łđ‘’đ‘—đ‘Œ 𐑝 𐑞 𐑼𐑩𐑐đ‘Șđ‘Ÿđ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Š đ‘Šđ‘œđ‘Ÿđ‘šđ‘’đ‘‘đ‘€đ‘Š, 𐑕𐑮 e.g. 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č://𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č.circumlunar.𐑕𐑐𐑱𐑕/docs/faq.gmi 𐑀đ‘Č𐑝𐑟 𐑹𐑑 docs/faq.gmi 𐑩𐑯 𐑞 repo). 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑊𐑑 𐑘đ‘č đ‘—đ‘±đ‘Żđ‘Ąđ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑄𐑰𐑯𐑊𐑙𐑓𐑩𐑀 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑊𐑑 đ‘„đ‘§đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘Ąđ‘©đ‘Ÿ (𐑄𐑱𐑒 đ‘–đ‘«đ‘Œ 𐑑 𐑕𐑧𐑑 𐑘đ‘č 𐑯𐑱𐑄 𐑯 𐑰𐑄𐑱𐑀 𐑩𐑛𐑟𐑧𐑕 𐑕𐑮 𐑐𐑰𐑐𐑩𐑀 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑕𐑰 𐑣𐑔 𐑛𐑩𐑛 𐑘đ‘č 𐑹𐑻𐑒!), 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑱𐑳𐑯 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑊𐑑 𐑐𐑻 𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑕𐑧𐑐𐑗𐑔𐑩𐑀 𐑗𐑱𐑯𐑥. 𐑿 𐑞𐑧𐑯 𐑣𐑹𐑝 𐑑𐑔 đ‘Șđ‘đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑑 𐑕𐑧𐑯𐑛 𐑘đ‘č 𐑹𐑻𐑒 𐑳𐑐𐑕𐑑𐑟𐑰𐑄.

𐑩𐑓 𐑿 𐑣𐑹𐑝 git's 𐑕𐑧𐑯𐑛-𐑰𐑄𐑱𐑀 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑭𐑯𐑛 đ‘’đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘“đ‘Šđ‘œđ‘Œđ‘› (𐑕𐑰 𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑎 𐑓 𐑱 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒 𐑑 𐑱 𐑑𐑿𐑑đ‘čđ‘Ÿđ‘€), 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑰𐑄𐑱𐑀 đ‘đ‘šđ‘—đ‘©đ‘Ÿ 𐑒𐑩𐑯𐑑𐑱𐑯𐑊𐑙 𐑘đ‘č 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑊𐑑𐑕 𐑑 <solderpunk _𐑹𐑑_ posteo _𐑛đ‘Ș𐑑_ 𐑯𐑧𐑑> 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑱 đ‘•đ‘Šđ‘™đ‘œđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑭𐑯𐑛. đ‘łđ‘žđ‘Œđ‘ąđ‘Č𐑟, 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑕𐑊𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑊 𐑼𐑳𐑯:

git format-patch origin

𐑑 𐑒𐑟𐑊𐑱𐑑 𐑱 𐑕𐑧𐑑 𐑝 𐑐𐑹𐑗 𐑓đ‘Čđ‘€đ‘Ÿ, 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑄𐑚𐑯𐑿𐑩𐑀𐑊 𐑩𐑑𐑚𐑗 𐑑 𐑩𐑯 𐑰𐑄𐑱𐑀 𐑿𐑟𐑩𐑙 𐑘đ‘č đ‘čđ‘›đ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘Œđ‘Š 𐑄𐑱𐑀 𐑒𐑀đ‘Č𐑩𐑯𐑑 𐑝 𐑗𐑶𐑕.

A friendly tutorial on configuring git send-email

4.3 đ‘Č𐑛 𐑀đ‘Č𐑒 𐑑 đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘‘ 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑥𐑧𐑄𐑊𐑯đ‘Č 𐑛đ‘Șđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘„đ‘§đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑔 𐑄đ‘Č đ‘Żđ‘±đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘ đ‘€đ‘šđ‘™đ‘œđ‘ąđ‘Šđ‘Ą, 𐑣𐑬 𐑒𐑹𐑯 đ‘Č 𐑛𐑔 𐑞𐑹𐑑?

𐑔𐑹𐑙𐑒 𐑿! 𐑝đ‘Șđ‘€đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘œđ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑑 đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘‘ 𐑛đ‘Șđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘„đ‘§đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑩𐑟 𐑱 đ‘ąđ‘łđ‘Żđ‘›đ‘Œđ‘“đ‘©đ‘€ 𐑹𐑱 𐑑 𐑣𐑧𐑀𐑐 𐑞 𐑐𐑼đ‘Ș𐑡𐑧𐑒𐑑.

𐑑 𐑛𐑔 𐑕𐑮, 𐑓𐑻𐑕𐑑 𐑒𐑀𐑎𐑯 𐑞 git 𐑼𐑩𐑐đ‘Șđ‘Ÿđ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Š 𐑹𐑟 𐑛𐑩𐑕𐑒𐑼đ‘Č𐑚𐑛 𐑩𐑯 𐑒𐑹𐑧𐑕𐑗𐑩𐑯 4.2 đ‘©đ‘šđ‘łđ‘. 𐑗𐑱𐑯𐑥 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑔 𐑞 `doc` đ‘›đ‘Šđ‘źđ‘§đ‘’đ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Š 𐑝 𐑞 𐑼𐑩𐑐đ‘Șđ‘Ÿđ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Š, 𐑯 𐑒𐑟𐑊𐑱𐑑 𐑱 𐑯𐑿 subdirectory 𐑱𐑩𐑞 𐑘đ‘č language's 𐑑𐑔 đ‘€đ‘§đ‘‘đ‘Œ ISO 639-1 𐑒𐑮𐑛, e.g. 𐑓𐑩𐑯𐑩𐑖 đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑖𐑫𐑛 𐑀đ‘Č𐑝 𐑩𐑯 `doc/fi/`, đ‘Ąđ‘šđ‘đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘°đ‘Ÿ đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑩𐑯 `doc/𐑥𐑱𐑐𐑰/`, 𐑯𐑯𐑯. 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑓đ‘Č𐑯𐑛 𐑱 𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑐𐑀𐑰𐑑 𐑀𐑊𐑕𐑑 𐑝 𐑒𐑮𐑛𐑟 𐑹𐑑 đ‘ąđ‘Šđ‘’đ‘Šđ‘đ‘°đ‘›đ‘Ÿ, 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒𐑑 𐑚𐑊𐑀𐑎. 𐑩𐑓 𐑿 𐑾 đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘™ 𐑊𐑯𐑑𐑔 𐑱 𐑟𐑰𐑥𐑩𐑯-𐑕𐑐𐑩𐑕𐑊𐑓𐑊𐑒 𐑝đ‘șđ‘Ÿđ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑝 𐑱 đ‘€đ‘šđ‘™đ‘œđ‘ąđ‘Šđ‘Ą, 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 𐑿𐑟 RFC4646-𐑕𐑑đ‘Č𐑀 𐑒𐑮𐑛𐑟 𐑩𐑯𐑕𐑑𐑧𐑛, e.g. 𐑐đ‘Č𐑯𐑑-𐑐đ‘Č𐑯𐑑 đ‘č 𐑐đ‘Č𐑯𐑑-BR 𐑓 𐑞 𐑐đ‘čđ‘—đ‘©đ‘œđ‘°đ‘Ÿ 𐑹𐑟 𐑕𐑐𐑎𐑒𐑩𐑯 𐑩𐑯 𐑐đ‘čđ‘—đ‘©đ‘œđ‘©đ‘€ đ‘č đ‘šđ‘źđ‘©đ‘Ÿđ‘Šđ‘€, đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘•đ‘đ‘§đ‘’đ‘‘đ‘Šđ‘đ‘€đ‘Š.

List of language codes at Wikipedia

𐑓 𐑰𐑗 đ‘Šđ‘™đ‘œđ‘€đ‘Šđ‘– 𐑓đ‘Č𐑀 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑀đ‘Č𐑝𐑟 𐑩𐑯 `doc` 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑿 𐑱đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑 𐑑 đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘‘, 𐑒𐑟𐑊𐑱𐑑 𐑱 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑼𐑩𐑕𐑐đ‘Ș𐑯𐑛𐑩𐑙 𐑓đ‘Č𐑀 𐑩𐑯 𐑘đ‘č language's subdirectory. 𐑩𐑑𐑕 𐑎𐑒𐑱 𐑑 𐑗𐑱𐑯𐑥 𐑞 𐑓đ‘Č𐑀 𐑯𐑱𐑄 𐑹𐑟 𐑐𐑾𐑑 𐑝 𐑞 đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż, e.g. 𐑞 𐑥𐑻𐑄𐑩𐑯 đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Ż 𐑝 `doc/𐑕𐑐𐑧𐑕𐑊𐑓𐑊𐑒𐑱𐑖𐑩𐑯.gmi` 𐑄đ‘Č𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑒𐑷𐑀𐑛 `doc/spezifikation.gmi`. 𐑿 𐑒𐑹𐑯 đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘‘ 𐑹𐑟 𐑄𐑧𐑯𐑊 đ‘č 𐑹𐑟 𐑓𐑿 𐑝 𐑞 𐑓đ‘Čđ‘€đ‘Ÿ 𐑩𐑯 `doc` 𐑹𐑟 𐑿 𐑣𐑹𐑝 𐑑đ‘Č𐑄 𐑯 đ‘§đ‘Żđ‘Œđ‘Ąđ‘Š 𐑓. 𐑛𐑮𐑯𐑑 𐑚𐑰 𐑖đ‘Č 𐑩𐑚𐑏𐑑 𐑕𐑩𐑚𐑄𐑊𐑑𐑊𐑙 𐑐𐑞𐑖𐑩𐑀 đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ! 𐑱𐑳𐑯𐑕 𐑕𐑳𐑄𐑚đ‘Ș𐑛𐑩 𐑧𐑀𐑕 𐑣𐑔 𐑕𐑐𐑰𐑒𐑕 𐑘đ‘č đ‘€đ‘šđ‘™đ‘œđ‘ąđ‘Šđ‘Ą 𐑕𐑰𐑟 𐑘đ‘č đ‘§đ‘“đ‘Œđ‘‘, 𐑞𐑱 𐑄đ‘Č𐑑 đ‘đ‘źđ‘©đ‘đ‘Č𐑛 𐑕𐑳𐑄 đ‘č 𐑷𐑀 𐑝 𐑞 𐑟𐑊𐑄𐑱𐑯𐑊𐑙 𐑹𐑻𐑒. 𐑣𐑹𐑝𐑩𐑙 𐑕𐑳𐑄 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑯𐑑𐑧𐑯𐑑 đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘‘đ‘©đ‘› 𐑩𐑟 đ‘šđ‘§đ‘‘đ‘Œ 𐑞𐑹𐑯 𐑯𐑳𐑯.

𐑱𐑳𐑯𐑕 đ‘˜đ‘«đ‘Œ 𐑛𐑳𐑯, 𐑒đ‘Ș𐑐𐑩 𐑩𐑒𐑟đ‘Ș𐑕 𐑞 `doc/𐑩𐑯𐑛𐑧𐑒𐑕.gmi` 𐑓đ‘Č𐑀 𐑯 𐑄đ‘Ș𐑛𐑩𐑓đ‘Č 𐑩𐑑 𐑑 𐑄𐑚𐑗 𐑘đ‘č đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘‘đ‘©đ‘› 𐑓đ‘Čđ‘€đ‘Żđ‘±đ‘„đ‘Ÿ 𐑯 𐑛đ‘Șđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘„đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ 𐑑đ‘Čđ‘‘đ‘©đ‘€đ‘Ÿ, 𐑯 đ‘źđ‘Šđ‘„đ‘”đ‘ 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒𐑕 𐑓 𐑧𐑯𐑩 𐑝 𐑞 đ‘Œđ‘Šđ‘Ąđ‘Šđ‘Żđ‘©đ‘€ 𐑛đ‘Șđ‘’đ‘˜đ‘©đ‘„đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘đ‘• 𐑱𐑩𐑗 𐑿 đ‘Łđ‘šđ‘đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘‘ đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘‘đ‘©đ‘› 𐑘𐑧𐑑.

𐑓đ‘Č𐑯𐑩𐑀𐑊, 𐑳𐑐𐑛𐑱𐑑 `doc/đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ.gmi` 𐑑 𐑊𐑯𐑒𐑀𐑔𐑛 𐑱 𐑀𐑊𐑙𐑒 𐑑 𐑘đ‘č 𐑯𐑿 subdirectory.

𐑒𐑩𐑄𐑊𐑑 𐑘đ‘č đ‘‘đ‘źđ‘šđ‘Żđ‘Ÿđ‘€đ‘±đ‘–đ‘©đ‘Żđ‘Ÿ 𐑑 𐑞 𐑼𐑩𐑐đ‘Șđ‘Ÿđ‘Šđ‘‘đ‘Œđ‘Š 𐑯 𐑕𐑧𐑯𐑛 Solderpunk 𐑞 𐑐𐑹𐑗 𐑹𐑟 𐑛𐑩𐑕𐑒𐑼đ‘Č𐑚𐑛 𐑩𐑯 𐑒𐑹𐑧𐑕𐑗𐑩𐑯 4.2 đ‘©đ‘šđ‘łđ‘.

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